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Food Garage/Outdoors Health/Beauty Kitchen/Laundry Misc Pain Pests


    Reheating pizza
    When reheating a slice of pizza, run the bottom under the faucet. The water will cause a small amount of steam in the microwave which will keep the crust from becoming hard and brittle.

    Cutting lettuce
    Never cut lettuce with a metal blade–it will turn the edges brown–use a plastic knife or tear the lettuce leaves off of the head. The tearing method is preferable.

    Applesauce instead of oil
    Use applesauce in place of oil when baking. This will cut down on the fat content.

    Richer Chicken Stock
    Add the chicken feet! Scrape the skin off the feet, cut off the toes and rinse. Make the broth or stock as you normally would. The feet will add much more flavor.

    Raw Egg In An Unbaked Recipe
    Coddle the egg: Put whole egg on a spoon and dip it into boiling water for 40 seconds. Shock the egg in cold water to stop the cooking process.

    Peeling Hard Boiled Eggs 1
    Start eggs in cold water with 1/2 t. salt and 1 T. oil. Bring to full boil. Now you have two choices: You can reduce the heat and simmer the eggs for 12 minutes or cover the pan, turn off the heat, and wait 15 to 20 minutes. Put eggs in cold water to stop cooking process. Crack the shells and run them under cold water again. The eggs should peel easily. Hard-cooked eggs will keep in the refrigerator four to five days if left unpeeled.

    Peeling Hard Boiled Eggs 2
    Fresh eggs may be hard to peel. Use eggs stored 7-10 days. To help make peeling easier, cool eggs immediately in cold water after cooking. To remove the shell, crackle eggs by tapping gently all over. Roll the eggs between your fingers to loosen the shell, then peel starting at the large end. Hold the eggs under running cold water or dip them in a bowl of cold water and ease off the shell.

    Crisp Up Celery Or Carrots
    Dissolve 1/2 t. sugar in some cold water. Place cut up vegetables in the water and refrigerate for at least 15 minutes to a couple of hours.

    Extract Pulp From Pumpkins
    Knock the stem off. Pierce the top 3-4 times, the middle 3-4 times and the same to the bottom to vent (use a paring knife or an ice pick). Place a piece of waxed paper in the microwave and cook for 5 minutes on high (for a 700 watt microwave). Turn the pumpkin over and cook for 5 more minutes. Remove from the microwave and wrap the pumpkin in a towel for 10 minutes. Cut the pumpkin in half, remove the seeds with a fork and scrape the pulp out with a spoon. A 5 lb. pumpkin should yield about 3 c. of pulp.

    Extract Pulp From Squash
    Acorn squash is done the same way but cook for 3 minutes. Cut in half and add butter, cinnamon or syrup and cook for another 3-4 minutes or til squash is tender.

    Shell Pecans Easily
    Freeze first. This shrinks nut away from shell.

    Cook Fish In A Microwave Oven
    If your fish averages 1/2 inch thick, you can cook it 2 1/2 minutes at 70% power; 3/4 inch thick will cook 2 3/4 minutes at 70% and 1 inch for 3 minutes at 70%. Turn the fish over and repeat. The fish is done when it flakes easily. The fish remains moist.

    For Even Cooking Of Fish Fillets
    Fish fillets often have a thick part and a thin part to them. To ensure even cooking of the entire fillet, Frank suggests that you "curl" the thin side underneath the fillet to even out the thickness. Then go ahead and bake or broil the fish. This will even out both sides and will promote the same doneness at both ends of the fillet.

    Remove Saltiness From Ham Slices
    If your ham slices are too salty, try placing them in a dish of low-fat milk for 20 minutes, rinse them off in cold water and dry with paper towels before you cook them. The ham will not pick up the taste of the milk.

    Cookies Spreading Too Thin
    Cookies that spread too thin are caused by using too much shortening, too much liquid, use of extra-large eggs or too little flour. Don't forget to use dry measures for dry ingredients and liquid measures for liquid ingredients.

    Keep Potatoes From Turning Black
    1 c. water
    1/2 t. cream of tartar
    Dissolve in a large bowl, add shredded potatoes and stir to coat. Drain the liquid but don't rinse. You can keep the potatoes for a day.

    Roll Out Pie Crust
    Roll out between two pieces of waxed paper or between two sheets of plastic wrap. Peel off top sheet and "flop" it into the pie tin. May store it in refrigerator overnight on a dinner plate for additional flakiness. Dough hits cardboard stage the more liquid you put in. Use a blender to mix ingredients for dough til it forms a sandy look, then add water and blend. Do not use butter at room temperature, it should be chilled.

    Fresh Celery
    Wrap celery in aluminum foil when putting in the refrigerator and it Will keep for weeks.

    Sweeter Corn
    When boiling corn on the cob, add a pinch of sugar to help bring out the corn's natural sweetness.

    Boiled eggs
    A pinch of salt added to the water when boiling helps keep egg shells from cracking.

    Marshmallow stickies
    Run your hands under cold water before pressing Rice Krispie treats in a pan and the marshmallow won't stick to your hands.

    Baking cake
    When a cake recipe calls for flouring the pan, use a bit of the dry cake mix instead.  For a chocolate cake, cocoa powder also works well.

    Too much salt
    If you accidentally put in too much salt while cooking, drop in a peeled potato for a quick fix--the potato will absorb the salt.

    Slicing Pineapples
    The knife used for peeling a pineapple should not be used for slicing it, as the rind contains an acid that is apt to cause a swollen mouth and sore lips. The Cubans use salt as an antidote for the ill effects of the peel.

    To Sweeten Milk
    Milk which is slightly turned or changed may be sweetened and rendered fit for use again by stirring in a little baking soda.

    To Scald Milk
    Put in top of double boiler, having water boiling in under part. Cover, and let stand on top of range until milk around edge of double boiler has a bead-like appearance.

    To Prevent Milk Curdling
    A pinch of soda stirred into milk that is to be boiled will prevent curdling.

    To Preserve Milk
    A spoonful of grated horseradish will keep a pan of milk sweet for days.

    To Keep Milk Sweet
    Milk will keep sweet longer in a shallow pan than in a pitcher.

    Grating Nutmegs
    Always grate nutmegs at the blossom end first.

    To Caramelize Sugar
    Put sugar in a smooth granite saucepan or omelet pan, place over hot part of range, and stir constantly until melted and of the color of maple syrup. Care must be taken to prevent sugar from adhering to sides of pan or spoon.

    To Make Caramel
    Continue the caramelization of sugar until syrup is quite brown and a whitish smoke arises from it. Add an equal quantity of boiling water, and simmer until of the consistency of a thick syrup. Of use in coloring soups, sauces, etc.

    To Blanch Almonds
    Cover Jordan almonds with boiling water and let stand two minutes; drain, put into cold water, and rub off the skins. Dry between towels.

    To Shred Almonds
    Cut blanched almonds in thin strips lengthwise of the nut.

    To Make Macaroon Dust
    Dry macaroons, pound and sift.

    To Shell Chestnuts
    Cut a half-inch gash on flat sides and put in an omelet pan, allowing one-half teaspoon butter to each cup chestnuts. Shake over range until butter is melted. Put in oven and let stand five minutes. Remove from oven, and with a small knife take off shells. By this method shelling and blanching is accomplished at the same time, as skins adhere to shells.

    To Add Flavoring Extracts And Wine
    They should be added if possible to a mixture when cold. If added while mixture is hot, much of the goodness passes off with the steam.

    To Prevent Salt From Lumping
    Mix with cornstarch, allowing one teaspoon cornstarch to six teaspoons salt.

    When Baking Pies, Cakes, Cookies, Etc.
    A bowl containing two quarts of water, set in an oven when baking, will prevent pies, cakes, cookies, etc., from being scorched.

    Cake Icing Tip
    A pinch of soda in your icing will keep it moist and prevent its cracking on the cake.

    To Cure Salty Soup
    A raw potato added to the soup will absorb the extra salt.

    One-third cup of dry oatmeal in buckwheat cakes takes away the raw taste and makes cakes flaky.

    To Prevent A Tough Omelet
    A little boiling water added to an omelet as it thickens will prevent it being tough.

    To Cut Hard-Boiled Eggs
    To cut hard-boiled eggs in smooth slices, dip the knife first in water.

    To Prevent Heavy Cake And Breads
    Much of the heavy cake and bread is the result of the oven door being slammed. Close as gently as possible.

    To Cut Potatoes
    An empty tin baking powder can makes a good cutter for slaw or potatoes.

    To Make Fowl Tender
    A little vinegar in the water will help make tender an old fowl when cooking.

    To Keep Bread Sweet
    A pinch of ginger will keep bread sweet.

    To Beat White Of Egg Quicker
    A pinch of salt will make the white of an egg beaten quicker.

    To Peel Oranges
    Heat oranges a few minutes in oven before peeling, then the white inner skin will come off with the rind.

    To Make Tough Meat Tender
    Lay it a few minutes in a strong vinegar water.

    Salt will Curdle New Milk
    Hence, in preparing porridge, gravies, sauces, etc., the salt should not be added until the dish is prepared.

    To Keep Syrup From Crystallizing
    A pinch of soda added to any boiled syrup will keep it from crystallizing.

    When Squeezing Lemons
    Heat lemons well before squeezing and there will be double the quantity of juice.

    To Keep Salt From Sticking
    A few grains of rice placed in the bottom of a salt cellar will keep salt from sticking in damp weather.

    To Cook Cranberries
    Add one-quarter teaspoon soda to cranberries while cooking and they will not require much sugar.

    When Baking Fruit Pies
    To keep juice from running out of fruit pies, insert a small cornucopia of white note paper into the center of the pie so that it is about twice the height of the pie.

    To Separate Eggs
    When separating eggs, if you drop a portion of egg yolk into the whites, moisten a cloth with cold water, touch to the yolk, and it will adhere to it.

    To Make Fancy-Shaped Sandwiches
    Cut bread for fancy sandwiches lengthwise instead of across the loaf and there is less waste.

    Preventing Custard Pie Shrinking
    When a custard pie shrinks from the crust, it has been baked in too hot an oven. The oven should be hot for the first eight or ten minutes, in order to bake the pastry so that it will not become soaked with liquid. Then reduce the heat or the custard will boil.

    Baking Apples
    Prick the skin of the apples and they will cook without bursting.

    Cooking Pancakes
    Dip the spoon in milk or water and the pancake batter will drop off the spoon easily.

    To Slice Potatoes
    First hold the paring knife over a hot stove or in boiling water and the potatoes will slice easily.

    Beating Egg Whites
    Never beat eggs in an aluminum pan, as it is sure to darken them.

    Garlic Cloves
    Zap garlic cloves in the microwave for 15 seconds and the skins will slip right off!

    Shelling Walnuts
    To get the walnut meat out whole, soak over night in salt water then crack gently.

    To get the most juice out of a lemon, bring to room temperature and roll them under your palm on your counter a few times before squeezing.

    Onions Without Tears
    Light a match and blow it out. Put the non burnt end between your teeth while you cut your onion. The sulfur will absorb the fumes. Always cut the root end of the onion off last.

    Easy To Peel Oranges
    Just soak the oranges in boiling water for five minutes then peel as usual. As a bonus, the "white" part of the peel will come off along with the peel to give a beautiful presentation! FYI: The bigger the naval, the sweeter the orange!

    Perfect Pancakes
    Use a meat baster to squeeze your pancake batter onto the hot griddle.

    Beat an egg white and brush over your pie crust before baking for a beautiful glossy finish.

    Too Salty?
    For soup and stews, add cut raw potatoes and discard once they have cooked and absorbed the salt.

    Un-Molding Gelatin
    Rinse the mold pan with cold water and then coat with oil or pam.

    Salad Dressing Tip
    Take your dressing and heat it in the microwave for ten seconds before using. That's it!

    Soggy Mashed Potatoes
    Sprinkle with dry powdered milk for the fluffiest mashed potatoes ever!

    Quick Baked Potatoes
    Microwave them on high for 4-minutes on each side, then bake them for about 20-minutes at 450 degrees until skin is crispy. Or you can boil in salt water for 10-minutes before putting them into a preheated 450-degree oven.

    Quicker Instant Tea
    Fill your pitcher one quarter full with hot water and add the instant ice tea mix and stir. Then add the cold water and ice. No more having to stir forever waiting for it to dissolve!

    Whipped Cream
    Sweeten your whipped cream with confectioners sugar instead of granulated sugar. Oh so fluffy! Bonus-it holds its shape better!

    Peeling bananas
    Peel a banana from the bottom and you won't have to pick the little "stringy things" off of it. That's how the primates do it.

    Frying ground beef
    Add a teaspoon of water when frying ground beef. It will help pull the grease away from the meat while cooking.

    Scrambled eggs
    To really make scrambled eggs or omelets rich add a couple of spoonfuls of sour cream, cream cheese, or heavy cream in and then beat them up.

    For a cool brownie treat, make brownies as directed. Melt Andes mints in double broiler and pour over warm brownies. Let set for a wonderful minty frosting.

    Add garlic immediately to a recipe if you want a light taste of garlic and at the end of the recipe if your want a stronger taste of garlic.

    Reheat Pizza
    Heat up leftover pizza in a nonstick skillet on top of the stove, set heat to med-low and heat till warm. This keeps the crust crispy. No soggy micro pizza. I saw this on the cooking channel and it really works.

    Easy Deviled Eggs
    Put cooked egg yolks in a zip lock bag. Seal, mash till they are all broken up. Add remainder of ingredients, reseal, keep mashing it up mixing thoroughly, cut the tip of the baggy, squeeze mixture into egg. Just throw bag away when done easy clean up.

    Expanding Frosting
    When you buy a container of cake frosting from the store, whip it with your mixer for a few minutes. You can double it in size. You get to frost more cake/cupcakes with the same amount. You also eat less sugar and calories per serving.

    Reheating refrigerated bread
    To warm biscuits, pancakes, or muffins that were refrigerated, place them in a microwave with a cup of water. The increased moisture will keep the food moist and help it reheat faster.

    General Shelf Lives For Common Items
    Flour unopened: up to 12 months. Opened: 6-8 months.
    Whole Wheat Flour unopened: 1 month. Opened: 6-8 months if refrigerated.
    Sugar unopened: 2 years. Sugars do not spoil but eventually may change flavor.
    Brown sugar unopened: 4 months.
    Confectioners sugar unopened: 18 months.
    Solid shortening unopened: 8 months. Opened: 3 months.
    Cocoa unopened: indefinitely. opened: 1 year.
    Whole spices: 2-4 years. Whether or not opened.
    Ground spices: 2-3 years. Whether or not opened.
    Paprika, red pepper and chili powder: 2 years when kept in refrigerator.
    High acid canned items such as fruit juice, tomato soup and things in vinegar unopened: 12-18 months.
    Baking soda unopened: 18 months. Opened: 6 `months.
    Baking powder unopened: 6 months. Opened: 3 months.
    Cornstarch: 18 months. Whether or not opened.
    Dry pasta made without eggs unopened: 2 years. Opened: 1 year.
    Dry egg noodles unopened: 2 years. Opened: 1-2 months.
    Salad dressing unopened: 10-12 months. Opened: 3 months if refrigerated.
    Low acid canned items such as soup, meats, gravy and vegetables unopened: 2-5 years.
    Honey: 1 year. Whether or not opened.
    Worcestershire sauce: 1 year. Weather or not opened.
    Ground, canned coffee unopened: 2 years. Opened: 2 weeks, if refrigerated.
    Instant coffee in jars or tins unopened: 12 months. Opened: 3 months.
    Bottled water unopened: 1-2 years. Opened: 3 months.
    Pudding mixes unopened: 1 year. Opened: 4 months.
    Jams, jellies and preserves unopened: 1 year. Opened: 6 months if refrigerated.
    Peanut butter unopened: 6-9 months. Opened: 2-3 months.

    Cookies soft
    Place a slice of white bread inside the cookie jar to keep cookies soft. An apple slice also is effective, but it can attract fruit flies.

    Yeast Test
    Dissolve 1 t. of granulated sugar into 1/2 c. warm water (110 -115 ). Sprinkle 1 packet of yeast slowly over the surface of the water. Stir the yeast mixture and let stand for 10 minutes. If the yeast has multiplied to the 1 c. mark and has a rounded crown, the yeast is still active and fresh and you may use it. Remember to deduct the 1/2 c. of liquid from the total amount of liquid used in your recipe.

    Soften Brown Sugar
    Break off a chunk of the brown sugar (if you can). Wrap it in foil and bake in a 300° F oven for 5 minutes.

    Store peppers
    FREEZE THEM: Seed the peppers and put them in a freeze-lock plastic container then freeze. Be aware that they will be slightly mushy but still good for sauces and such. (you can also freeze the peppers whole, this will result in a hotter pepper because of the seeds remaining intact)
    DRY THEM: Cut peppers length-wise and seed them (using a spoon was suggested) and place on a cookie sheet or baking pan. Put your oven on its lowest setting (150° is desired but your oven may not go that low), place peppers in oven and prop the oven door open with a wooden spoon (just slightly ajar, about 1 inch or so). Cook for 24-48 hours til they are brittle and dry. Remove, cool and chop to desired consistency (caller uses a food processor for this task). Store in a tightly sealed jar.
    Note: when handling hot peppers wear rubber gloves and do not touch your eyes or face.

    Freeze Tomatoes
    Wash and core tomatoes (skin and seed if you care to). Place into freezer containers and freeze. They should last up to 1 year. You can use them as you would canned tomatoes.

    Storing Bread
    Bread should never go in the refrigerator (breads with no preservatives).

    Freeze bread
    Let thaw. Bake in 400° oven for 4 minutes. This will refresh the bread.

    Keep Veggies Green
    Prepare the green vegetable for cooking. Boil water that is lightly salted in a saucepan. Once it is boiling plunge the vegetables in the water and cook (or cook over a steamer) for 3 to 5 minutes until al dente or tender to your taste. Drain immediately and plunge vegetables into iced water to stop the cooking and cool completely. Drain. The vegetables will be vibrant green. When ready to serve. Place vegetables into a saucepan with butter or a little water or both and gently heat and serve. They will retain their vibrant green color.

    Freezing Potatoes
    Raw potatoes turn soft in the freezer. Freeze only cooked potatoes and re-heat them straight from the freezer. This will prevent them from becoming grainy and watery after freezing. They will want to fall apart and are best used for making potato cakes or hash browns.

    Budding potatoes
    To keep raw potatoes from budding, place an apple in the bag with them.

    Fresh eggs
    A fresh egg will sink to the bottom of a pan of cool water.  If it floats, throw it away.

    Storing Leftovers
    When storing leftovers in the refrigerator, use old butter tubs and cottage cheese containers. When its time to clean out the refrigerator you can discard the entire container. You won't have a spilled mess in the garbage can or a sink full of dirty dishes.

    To Test Nutmegs
    Prick them with a pin; if good, the oil will instantly spread around the puncture.

    Keeping Coffee
    Keep coffee by itself, as its odor affects other articles.

    To Keep Oranges And Lemons
    They keep best wrapped in soft paper, and, if possible, laid in a wooden drawer.

    To Keep Apples
    They keep in dry place, as cool as possible without freezing.

    To Store Flour
    Keep flour cool, dry, and securely covered.

    Gathering Herbs
    Gather herbs when beginning to blossom; keep in paper sacks.

    To Dry Herbs
    Dry the gathered crop, thinly spread out and shaded from the sun, tie the herbs in small bundles, and keep them compactly pressed down and covered with white paper; or, after drying them, put each sort into a small box, and by means of boards fitted in it, and a screw-press, press the herbs into cakes or little trusses. These should be afterwards carefully wrapped up in paper and be kept in a dry place, when they will retain their aroma as perfectly as when they were put into the press, for at least three years. By the common method of hanging up herbs in loose bundles the odor soon escapes.

    To Keep Fresh Meat
    Never allow fresh meat to remain in paper; it absorbs the juices.

    To Prevent Odor Of Boiling Ham Or Cabbage
    Throw red pepper pods or a few bits of charcoal into the pan they are cooking in.

    To Prevent Mold on the Top of Glasses of Jelly
    Just lay a lump of paraffin wax on the top of the hot jelly, letting it melt and spread over it. If preferred, the paraffin can be melted and poured over after the jelly is cold.

    Testing Eggs For Freshness
    If an egg is strictly fresh it will, when placed in a pan of water, lie on its side at the bottom of the pan. If stale, it will stand on end, and if very old, it will rise to the surface.

    Fresh Herbs
    To keep herbs fresh longer, loosely wrap them in a damp paper towel, place in a plastic bag and store in the refrigerator until ready to use.

    Ripen Tomatoes And Bananas
    Wrap green tomatoes or bananas in a wet dish towel and place them in a brown paper sack. (bag!) They will ripen in a day or so. Don't forget to check them!

    Ripened bananas
    Take your bananas apart when you get home from the store. If you leave them connected at the stem, they ripen faster.

    Storing cheese
    Store your opened chunks of cheese in aluminum foil. It will stay fresh much longer and not mold!

    Buying bread
    When you go to buy bread in the grocery store, have you ever wondered which is the freshest, so you "squeeze" for freshness or softness? Did you know that bread is delivered fresh to the stores five days a week? Monday, Tuesday, Thursday, Friday and Saturday. Each day has a different color twist tie. They are: Monday = Blue, Tuesday = Green, Thursday = Red Friday = White and Saturday = Yellow. So if today was Thursday, you would want red twist tie; not white which is Fridays (almost a week old)! The colors go alphabetically by color Blue- Green-Red - White - Yellow, Monday! through Saturday. Very easy to remember. I thought this was interesting. I looked in the grocery store and the bread wrappers DO have different twist ties, and even the ones with the plastic clips have different colors. You learn something new everyday! Enjoy fresh bread when you buy bread with the right color on the day you are shopping.

    Weights, measurements and conversions
    Conversion chart for cup measurements
    8 oz. = 1 cup
    Picnic size = 1 1/4 cups
    #300 can = 1 3/4 cups
    #1 tall can = 2 cups
    #303 can = 2 cups
    #2 can (20 oz. can) = 2 1/2 cups
    #2 1/2 can = 3 1/2 cups
    #3 can = 4 cups
    #10 can = 12-13 cups
    Milliliter Conversions
    1/8 t. = .5 ml
    1/4 t. = 1.5 ml.
    1/2 t. = 3 ml.
    3/4 t. = 4 ml.
    1 t. = 5 ml.
    1 T. = 15 ml.
    1/4 c. = 60 ml.
    1/3 c. = 85 ml.
    1/2 c. = 125 ml.
    2/3 c. = 170 ml.
    3/4 c. = 180 ml.
    1 c. = 240 ml.
    Common Conversions Into Grams
    1 t. (dry measure) = 4 g.
    1 t. (liquid measure) - 5 g.
    1/2 oz. = 14 g.
    3/4 oz. = 21 g.
    1 oz. = 28.35 g.
    1 1/2 oz. = 43 g.
    1 3/4 oz. = 50 g.
    2 oz. = 57 g.
    2 1/2 oz. = 71 g.
    2 3/4 oz. = 78 g.
    3 oz. = 85 g.
    3 1/2 oz. = 99 g.
    3.57 oz. = 100 g.
    4 oz. = 114 g.
    5 oz. = 142 g.
    6 oz. = 170 g.
    7 oz. = 199 g.
    8 oz. = 226 g.
    9 oz. = 254 g.
    10 oz. = 283 g.
    11 oz. = 311 g.
    12 oz. = 340 g.
    13 oz. = 368 g.
    14 oz. = 396 g.
    15 oz. = 425 g.
    1/4 lb. (4 oz.) = 113 g.
    1/2 lb. (8 oz.) = 225 g.
    3/4 lb. (12 oz.) = 340 g.
    1 lb. (16 oz.) = 453 g.
    1 1/4 lb. = 566 g.
    1 1/2 lb. = 679 g.
    1 3/4 lb. = 792 g.
    2 lb. = 905 g.
    2 1/4 lb. = 1018 g.
    3 lb. = 1.4 kilogram
    10 oz. (many frozen foods) = 280 g.
    10 1/2 oz. (canned soup) = 294g.
    15 oz. = 425 g.
    1 lb. 24 oz. (large can size) 850 g.
    Weights And Measures
    a few grains = less than 1/8 t.
    60 drops = 1 t.
    1 1/2 t. = 1/2 T.
    3 t. = 1 T.
    2 T. = 1/8 c. (or 1 fluid oz.)
    4 T. = 1/4 c.
    5 1/3 T. = 1/3 c.
    8 T. = 1/2 c.
    10 2/3 T. = 2/3 c.
    12 T. = 3/4 c.
    16 T. = 1 c.
    3/8 c. = 1/4 c. plus 2 T.
    5/8 c. = 1/2 c. plus 2 T.
    7/8 c. = 3/4 c. plus 2 T.
    1 c. = 8 fluid oz.
    2 c. = 1 pt. (or 16 fluid oz.)
    2 pt. = 1 qt. (or 32 fluid oz.)
    4 c. = 1 qt.
    4 qt. = 1 gal.
    8 qt. = 1 peck
    4 pecks = 1 bushel
    16 oz. = 1 lb.
    1 g. = 0.035 oz.
    1 kilogram = 2.21 lb.
    1 oz. = 28.35 g.
    1 lb. = 453.59 g.
    1 t. = 4.9 milliliters
    1 T. = 14.8 milliliters
    1 c. = 236.6 milliliters
    1 liter = 1.06 quarts (or 1000 milliliters)

    Substitution Chart
    1 t. baking powder - 1/2 t. cream of tarter + 1/4 t. baking soda.
    1 c. buttermilk - 1 t. lemon juice or vinegar + enough milk to measure one c.
    1 c. cake flour - 7/8 c. all-purpose flour.
    1 T. cornstarch - 2 T. all-purpose flour.
    3/4 c. cracker crumbs - 1 c. bread crumbs.
    1 c. dark corn syrup - 3/4 c. light corn syrup + 1/4 c. molasses.
    1 garlic clove, minced - 1/8 t. garlic powder.
    1 t. garlic salt - 1/8 t. garlic powder + 7/8 t. salt.
    1 c. half-and -half cream - 1 T. melted butter + enough whole milk to =1 c.
    1 c. honey - 1 1/4 c. sugar + 1/4 c. liquid.
    1 t. lemon juice - 1/4 t. cider vinegar.
    1 t. lemon peel - 1/2 t. lemon extract.
    1 c. light corn syrup - 1 c. sugar + 1 c. liquid.
    1 c. molasses - 1 c. honey.
    1 onion (small), chopped - 1 t. onion powder or 1 T. dried minced onion.
    1 T. prepared mustard - 1/2 t. ground mustard + 2 t. vinegar.
    1 semisweet chocolate square (1 oz.) - 3 T. semisweet chocolate chips or 1 square (1 oz.) unsweetened chocolate + 1 T. sugar.
    1 c. sour cream - 1 c. plain yogurt.
    1 c. sugar - 1 c. packed brown sugar or 2 c. sifted confectioners sugar.
    2 t. tapioca - 1 T. all-purpose flour.
    1 c. tomato juice - 1/2 c. tomato sauce + 1/2 c. water.
    2 c. tomato sauce - 3/4 c. tomato paste + 1 c. water.
    1 unsweetened chocolate square (1 oz.) - 3 T. cocoa + 1 T. shortening or oil.
    1 c. whole milk - 1/2 c. evaporated milk + 1/2 c. water.

    Table Of Measure And Cooking Weights
    25 drops of any thin liquid = 1 teaspoonful
    1 pinch of salt or sugar = 4-1/2 grains or less than 1/8 teaspoonful
    1 tablespoonful of salt = 1 ounce
    8 rounded tablespoonfuls of granulated sugar = 1 cupful
    2 cupfuls of granulated sugar = 1 pound
    1-1/2 coffee-cupfuls of granulated sugar = 1 pound
    1 pint of granulated sugar = 1 pound
    2-2/4 cupfuls of powdered sugar = 1 pound
    2 coffee-cupfuls of powdered sugar = 1 pound
    1-1/3 pints of powdered sugar = 1 pound
    3-1/2 cupfuls of confectioner's sugar = 1 pound
    2-1/2 cupfuls of best brown sugar = 1 pound
    1-3/4 coffee-cupfuls of best brown sugar = 1 pound
    1 pint of best brown sugar = 13 ounces
    3 tablespoonfuls of grated chocolate = 1 ounce
    4-1/3 cupfuls of coffee = 1 pound
    2 teaspoonfuls of flour, heaped = 1 tablespoonful
    4 tablespoonfuls of flour = 1 ounce
    7 to 8 rounded tablespoonfuls of flour = 1 cupful
    4 cupfuls of pastry or bread flour = 1 pound
    3 coffee-cupfuls of sifted flour = 1 pound
    1 quart of sifted flour, heaped = 1 pound
    1 quart of unsifted flour = 1 pound 1 ounce
    3-7/8 cupfuls of whole wheat flour = 1 pound
    2-2/3 cupfuls of corn meal = 1 pound
    4-1/2 cupfuls of graham flour = 1 pound
    4-1/8 cupfuls of rye flour = 1 pound
    4-3/4 cupfuls of rolled oats = 1 pound
    2-2/3 cupfuls of oat meal = 1 pound
    3-1/2 cupfuls of Indian meal = 1 quart
    2-3/4 coffee-cupfuls of Indian meal = 1 quart
    1 quart of sifted Indian meal = 1 pound 4 ounces
    6 tablespoonfuls of baking powder = 1/2 ounce
    16 tablespoonfuls of any dry ingredient = 1 cup
    Butter the size of a walnut = 1 ounce
    Butter the size of an egg = 2 ounces
    1 tablespoonful of soft butter, well rounded = 1 ounce
    4 tablespoonfuls of soft butter, heaped = 1 cupful
    1 cupful of butter, pressed down = 1/2 pound
    2 cupfuls of butter, pressed down = 1 pound
    1 pint of soft butter = 1 pound
    2 cupfuls of lard = 1 pound
    2 cupfuls of finely chopped meat = 1 pound
    1 pint of finely chopped meat = 1 pound
    10 ordinary-sized eggs = 1 pound
    9 large-sized eggs = 1 pound
    2 cupfuls of milk = 1 pound
    1-7/8 cupfuls of rice = 1 pound
    3 cupfuls of raisins = 1 pound
    2 cupfuls of raisins, packed = 1 pound
    2-1/4 cupfuls of currents = 1 pound
    2 cupfuls of stale bread crumbs = 1 pound
    40 small prunes = 1 pound
    28 large prunes = 1 pound
    75 apricot pieces = 1 pound
    3 large bananas = one pound

    Converting Regular Cooking To Crockery Cooking
    Original recipe calls for 15-30 minutes of cooking time: cook on low 4-8 hours or 1 1/2 - 2 1/2 hours on high. For 30-60 minutes of cooking time; cook on low 6-8 hours or 3-4 hours on high. For 1-3 hours of cooking time: cook on low 8-16 hours or 4-6 hours on high.

    "Sour" Milk
    Add 4 tablespoons of vinegar for a quart of milk and mix well. Let stand for 5-10 minutes.

    Make Self-Rising Flour
    2 c. flour
    1 t. baking soda
    2 t. baking powder
    1 t. salt
    Mix ingredients together.

    Make Cake Flour
    Take 1 c. unsifted flour, remove 2 T. of the flour and add 2 T. corn starch. Sift 3 times.

    Cream For Emergencies
    A good substitute for cream can be made with fresh milk, a little butter and flour.

    Using Bread Crumbs For Pastry
    Many puddings that are commonly baked in a crust, such as coconut, potato, apple, and lemon, are equally as good and more wholesome, made by strewing grated bread crumbs over a buttered pie plate or pudding dish to the usual depth of crust; pour in the pudding filling, strew another layer of bread crumbs over the top, and bake.

    Baking Powder
    To replace 1 teaspoon baking powder, use 1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar plus 1/4 teaspoon baking soda.

    For 1 cup of honey, use 1-1/4 cups granulated sugar plus 1/4 cup liquid. You could also try using 3/4 cup corn syrup plus 1/2 cup granulated sugar. Molasses can be used in equal measure as a honey substitute, but it will affect the flavor.

    Fresh, Whole Milk
    For 1 cup fresh milk, use 1 cup skim plus 2 teaspoons butter.

    Heavy Cream
    A good substitute for heavy cream in baking can be made with 3/4 cup whole milk plus 1/2 to 1/3 cup butter and a little flour. You can also try using an equal quantity of plain yogurt in some dishes.

    Maple Syrup
    For 1 cup maple sugar, use 3/4 cup corn syrup plus 1/4 cup butter and flavor to taste with maple extract. You can also substitute honey in equal measure, but the flavor will be affected.

    Butter or margarine may be substituted for shortening in equal measure.

    Brown Sugar
    Use 3/4 cup granulated sugar and 1/4 cup molasses to replace 1 cup brown sugar.

    Powdered, Confectioner's Sugar
    For every 4 cups powdered confectioner's sugar, use 3 cups granulated sugar well dissolved.

    Ammonium Bicarbonate
    For 1 teaspoon ammonium bicarbonate, use 1-1/4 teaspoons baking soda. Ammonium bicarbonate is sometimes used in baking cookies.

    Chocolate Square
    You can replace 1 chocolate square with 3 tablespoons cocoa and 1 tablespoon butter.

    White Granulated Sugar
    1/2 cup molasses or corn syrup can be used for 1 cup sugar, but liquid in the recipe must be reduced by 1/2 cup.
    3/4 cup honey can replace 1 cup granulated sugar, but reduce liquid in recipe by 1/4 cup.
    If you don't mind the change in flavor, you can use 1 cup firmly packed brown sugar for 1 cup granulated sugar.

    Corn Syrup
    For a simple corn syrup substitution, replace 1 cup corn syrup with 1 cup granulated sugar and increase liquid in recipe by 1/4 cup.

    Almost any kind of chopped dried fruit can be substituted for raisins. Currants or chopped dates can be used in a recipe with good results.

    Chocolate Chips
    Chop about 6 ounces of semisweet chocolate to replace 1 cup of semisweet chocolate chips.

    Corn syrup or light molasses can be substituted for treacle in equal measure.

    2 egg whites or 2 egg yolks can be used for 1 whole egg.

    Sour Milk
    Simply stir in about 1 tsp of white vinegar to 1 cup milk. Buttermilk can also be substituted in equal measure.

    Sour Cream
    As a substitution for sour cream, simply use an equal measure of plain yogurt in most recipes.

    For thickening purposes, you can use 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour to replace 1 tablespoon cornstarch.

    Use 1/2 teaspoon ground all spice to replace 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon.

    Cream of Tartar
    There is no effective cream of tartar substitute, but you can try using an equal quantity of white vinegar in a pinch.

    Honey may be used in equal measure, but it will affect the flavor.

    For 1 cup buttermilk, add 1 teaspoon white vinegar to 1 cup whole milk. You can also use 1/3 cup whole milk with 2/3 cup plain yogurt as a buttermilk substitute.

    Use 1/2 teaspoon ground cloves and 1/2 teaspoon cinnamon to replace 1 teaspoon allspice.

    Cooking Wine
    You can replace red cooking wine with the same quantity of grape juice or cranberry juice. To replace white cooking wine use apple juice or white grape juice. The flavor will be affected somewhat.

    Lemon Zest
    For 1 teaspoon of fresh lemon zest, use 1/2 teaspoon lemon extract.

    Use 1 cup of miniature marshmallows to replace 10 large marshmallows.

    As a substitution for rum when baking, use 1 part rum extract plus 3 parts water.

    Egg Substitution For Pancakes
    For each egg, take a teaspoon of sugar, mixed with a teaspoon of flour. Mix the two and add a few drops of water. The mixture will make a creamy paste, which is similar to that of a scrambled egg. Add this mixture into pancake mixture and your pancakes will come out tasting great, and just a little bit healthier!" Thanks Quincy! This recipe is not only healthy, but oh so yummy!

    Unsweetened Baking Chocolate
    Run out of unsweetened baking chocolate? Try this substitute: Combine 3 Tbs. of unsweetened cocoa powder with 1 Tbs. of vegetable shortening to equal one ounce of chocolate.

    To Keep Coffee Grounds From The Coffee Pot
    1.) Rinse the basket of the coffee maker with water, insert the coffee filter and rinse again. The filter won't collapse.
    2.) Cut a strip from a plastic milk carton just wide enough to almost reach the top of the filter and long enough to fit snugly inside the basket. Put the filter in the basket and insert strip to hold in place.
    Finding Hard Boiled Eggs Mixed In With Fresh Eggs
    Spin the egg on its side. The hard boiled ones will spin well, the fresh ones won't.

    Growing Tomatoes Indoors
    You'll need to pollinate the tomatoes (unless you have bees in your home). Take a small paint brush and stick it down into the blossom and turn it slightly. Go to the next blossom and do the same thing going back and forth to spread the pollen. As new blossoms form continue to re-pollinate. Fertilize regularly with a liquid fertilizer with numbers like 15-30-15. Use grow lights, keep them very close to the plant as they grow so they don't get "leggy" and raise them as the plant grows. Keep the lights on for about 16 hours a day.

    Unstick Marshmallows In A Bag
    Add confectioners sugar or cornstarch and shake it up in the bag (that dries them out a little bit) and you can pull them apart. Some of them may still be stuck, but you pull or cut them apart by hand. The next time you purchase a bag of marshmallows, take them out of the bag and put them in a freezer-safe container and freeze.

    Soup Secrets
    Always make soup at least one day ahead of time, so that the seasonings have time to improve the flavor.
    Never use salt or pepper to season soups til you are almost finished with the cooking process. Both of these seasonings will intensify and may give the soup too strong a flavor.
    When cooking soup, always cook with the lid on to help the flavors become better absorbed.
    When you make cold soup, remember that cold soup needs more seasoning than hot soup. The heat tends to drive the flavors into the product more efficiently (
    To make clear noodle soup, cook the noodles, then drain before adding them to the soup. When noodles are cooked in the soup, the excess starch will turn the soup cloudy.
    Don't use dark-colored bones when making soup. They are probably too old and have deteriorated.
    When preparing vegetable soup only pour enough water into the pot to cover the vegetables by two inches. Too much water makes the soup too thin.
    Instead of sugar to give your soup or stew a sweeter taste, try adding a small amount of pureed carrots.
    If you overdo the garlic, just place a few parsley flakes in a tea ball to soak up the excess garlic. Garlic tends to be attracted to parsley.

    Tomato Sauce Stains
    Spray your tupperware with nonstick cooking spray before pouring in tomato based sauces and there won't be any stains.

    Ice cream cones
    Stuff a mini marshmallow in the bottom of an ice cream cone to prevent bottom leaks.

    Food stains
    Rub raw potato slices on food stains on your fingers--comes right off!

    After Broiling Or Frying
    If any fat has spattered on range, wipe surface at once with newspaper.

    To Prevent Pots From Boiling Over
    Rub butter or lard on the rim of a pot, and it won't boil over readily.

    To Prevent Scorching
    Salt placed under baking tins in oven will prevent contents from scorching.

    To Remove Cake From Pan
    If cake sticks to the pan, set it on a wet cloth 5 minutes and cake can be removed.

    To Remove Odor From Oven
    If juice from pies runs out in oven, salt sprinkled on juice will remove the odor and smoke.

    To Prevent Burning Saucepan
    To prevent burning saucepan when boiling milk, sprinkle bottom of the pan with granulated sugar. Let it get hot, then pour in the milk. It also keeps milk from boiling over.

    After Freezing Ice Cream
    Empty remaining cracked ice into sack; ice will melt, leaving salt which can be used again.

    To Secure Dishes On Ice
    Place rubber ring from fruit jar under dishes. Ring will adhere to both ice and dish.

    To Remove Cooking Odors From Hands
    Wash hands and before drying them rub on about 1 teaspoon of dry mustard powder.

    To Remove Cooking Odor
    Should food become burnt while in the process of cooking, sprinkle two or three coffee grains over the hot stove or element. The fragrance of the burning coffee will kill the burning smell.

    Onion Odor On Hands
    The easy way to remove the onion odor is to rub your hands on your stainless steel sink. Then wash them.

    Preventing Boil-Overs
    Add a lump of butter or a few teaspoons of oil to the water. Spaghetti will not boil over or stick together.

    Scorch-Free Pans
    When a recipe calls for scalded milk, add (but don't stir in!) a teaspoon of sugar before turning on the heat. The sugar will prevent hot milk from scorching the bottom of your saucepans.

    Splattering And Sticking
    When pan frying or sautéing, always heat your pan before adding the butter or oil. Not even eggs stick when you use this great tip! Another good tip to keep hot oil from splattering is to sprinkle a little salt in the pan before frying.

    Peppers with 3 bumps on the bottom are sweeter and better for eating. Peppers with 4 bumps on the bottom are firmer and better for cooking.

    Leftover snickers bars from Halloween make a delicious dessert. Simple chop them up with the food chopper. Peel, core and slice a few apples. Place them in a baking dish and sprinkle the chopped candy bars over the apples. Bake at 350 for 15 minutes!!! Serve alone or with vanilla ice cream. Yum


    Newspaper weeds away
    Start putting in your plants, work the nutrients in your soil. Wet newspapers, put layers around the plants overlapping as you go cover with mulch and forget about weeds. Weeds will get through some gardening plastic they will not get through wet newspapers.

    Foggy Windshield?
    Hate foggy windshields? Buy a chalkboard eraser and keep it in the glove box of your car. When the windows fog, rub with the eraser! Works better than a cloth!

    Kool aid to clean dishwasher pipes
    Just put in the detergent section and run a cycle, it will also clean a toilet. (Wow, and we drink this stuff)

    Ground in stains
    Dip hands in bleach to get out ground in garden stains or vegetable and fruit stains caused when peeling fruits and vegetables for home preserves.

    Cola poured on a car battery will eat away the corrosion.

    Clean The Grill
    This cleanup trick works while you sleep! Lay a barbecue grill rack on the lawn overnight-the dew will combine with the enzymes in the grass to loosen any burned-on grease. Try it with messy oven racks too!

    Keep Car Doors From Freezing Shut
    Spray the rubber door lining with WD-40 or silicone lubricant. Don't forget to spray again after getting your car washed in freezing temperatures.

    Green Up The Grass
    Mix 2 T. epsom salt with 1 gal. water and spray the lawn.

    Clean Grill Grates
    Place grate in a tub or sink and cover with hot, HOT water. Sprinkle 1/2 c. electric dishwasher detergent over the grate. Add 1-2 c. ammonia. Grab some old fabric softener sheets and try to cover the top of the grate. Soak over-night and give it a good scrub the next day.
    Note: wear gloves because this can burn your bare hands.

    Killing Off Weeds
    Spray the weeds with white vinegar to kill them.

    Natural Weed Control
    Hopefully this guide will help you in controlling weeds. The key to getting and staying weed free is persistence. You have to stay on top of it by checking your gardens regularly and maintaining what needs to be done.

    As long as mulch is applied thick enough to keep sunlight from reaching the soil, it will keep new weeds from sprouting.
    You can use grass clippings, shredded and chipped branches, beauty bark, hay, leaves or compost.

    Hand picking
    Take a walk through the yard equipped with a bucket and gloves as often as possible and hand pick weeds. Try to pick them before they flower to prevent them from going to seed and seeding themselves all over the yard. Also, be sure to get all the roots; if you don't, the weed will more than likely be back in a couple of weeks. 

    Vinegar or boiling water
    If you spot a weed growing in the cracks of your footpath or in your driveway, pour boiling water or vinegar over them. Don't do this in your flower beds, it may kill neighboring plants.

    Automatic Garage Door Opener
    If you're leaving home for a period of time, unplug your garage door opener and lock the door. Thieves may patrol the area with an opener of their own testing to see whose door opens. Another good idea is to reset the "factory" code on your opener to a personal one.


    Conditioner 1
    Use your hair conditioner to shave your legs. It's cheaper than shaving cream and leaves your legs really smooth. It's also a great way to use up the conditioner you bought but didn't like when you tried it in your hair.

    Conditioner 2
    Budweiser beer conditions the hair

    Conditioner 3
    Cool whip will condition your hair in 15 minutes

    Conditioner 4
    Mayonnaise will kill lice, it will also condition your hair

    Nail polish dry
    Pam cooking spray will dry finger nail polish

    Clean face
    Elmer's Glue - paint on your face, allow it to dry, peel off and see the dead skin and blackheads if any

    Shiny Hair
    Use brewed Lipton Tea

    Heavy dandruff - pour on the vinegar!

    Skin blemishes
    Honey - remedy for skin blemishes ... Cover the blemish with a dab of honey and place a Band-Aid over it. Honey kills the bacteria, keeps the skin sterile, and speeds healing. Works overnight.

    A cup of vinegar goes a long way to reduce tangles and keep your hair soft and shiny. Apply as a final rinse.
    Another good hair rinse and hair lightener is lemon juice. Again, use the lemon juice as a last rinse, then stand in sun for a sun-kissed look.

    Age Spots
    Cut a lemon wedge and hold directly on spot for ten minutes. Rinse with warm water. Repeat this step every day until the spots lighten or vanish altogether!

    Bath Secret
    Pour a cup or more of powdered milk under running bath water. The lactic acid in the milk will remove dry dead skin and leave you baby soft. Powered milk is quite reasonably priced compared to those expensive bath oils and soaks. Just add a drop or two of some scented oil if you want a really dreamy bath!

    Beautiful Rich Brown Hair
    Take Hershey's cocoa and mix it with an equal amount of shampoo. Just wash your hair with this mixture and it will make your hair a darker and richer brown. After washing your hair with this mixture, you can also add the cocoa to your conditioner. You have to use Hershey's unsweetened coca not the kind that is sweetened or else you will have a real mess...
    If you pour a bottle of diet coke (and diet coke only) over your hair, it helps fade dye and even remove it! I tried it and it did fade the dye considerably."

    To erase blackheads, try this quick cleansing mask: Mix two Tbs. of oatmeal, four Tbs. of plain yogurt, one tablespoon lemon juice and one Tbs. of olive oil into a paste and gently apply to skin. Leave it on for five minutes and rinse with cold water. Let your face air-dry. Check out my Facial Page for more great masks!

    Banish Blemishes On Back or Chest
    Mix one half cup of honey with one half cup of orange juice and apply to the affected areas. Let sit for 5 minutes then rinse. Honey heals and banishes blemishes and the orange juice will dry up the excess oils.

    Clogged Pores
    This is a great deep cleansing scrub! Mix four Tbs. of plain yogurt with two Tbs. of grated orange peel. Massage into skin for three minutes. Rinse with warm water. The yogurt is an exfoliant and the orange peel will extract dirt and oils.

    Cold Sores
    When you feel that first little warning "tingle" dab some Bepto Bismol on the spot before the sore has a chance to appear. For more really great cold sore tips, go to my home remedy page.

    Double Chin
    To camouflage a double chin, sweep brownish-rose blush along jaw line from just below the ears to chin and blend. Highlight tip of chin with white powder for a slimming effect. Now.... if you want to really firm that double chin up, do the exercise that Mona is doing below!

    Damaged, Dry Hair
    Separate the white of an egg from the yolk, whip it to a peak. Add 1 Tbls. water to the yolk and blend until the mixture is creamy. Then mix the white and yolk together. Wet your hair with warm water, remove the excess moisture, and apply the mixture to your scalp with your fingertips. Massage gently until the froth is worked into your scalp, then rinse the hair with cool water. Keep applying the mixture until it is used up and then rinsed until all of the egg is washed away."

    Elbow Fix
    To remove the discoloration from your elbows, just cut a lemon in half and rest an elbow in each half for 10 minutes. The acid in the lemon juice breaks down the dark patches, so they wash away.

    Dry Patches
    To relieve dry patches, massage in vegetable shortening like Crisco.

    Smoothing Facial
    Hellman's "Just Two Good" brand of Mayonnaise works as a great facial if you apply it 20 minutes before you wash your face. It firms and smoothes and works great around the eyes too!"

    Rub your freckles with fresh cut eggplant every day. You should see a difference in a week or so. Or try rubbing on fresh crushed cranberries daily and leave on for fifteen minutes, rinse with cool water and pat dry. Tip; The more sugar that you eat, the darker your freckles will be! This is a scientific fact. So, eliminate refined sugar and watch your freckles fade. Now this is the killer! If you are really determined to make your freckles lighter than ever, try this old time remedy: Put six ounces of urine in a jar with one tablespoon of white vinegar and a pinch of salt. Cover the jar let it sit for twenty four hours. Take a cotton ball and pat on the solution. Do this until the freckles have faded enough for you.

    Terrific Eye Cream
    Before bed apply unscented castor oil around your eyes. Plastic surgeons use this on their patients after surgery!

    Tighten Skin & Remove Eye Wrinkles
    You will need a can of sardines, and a comfortable place to lay down. Take two sardines, and place one under each of the eyes and leave on for about 10-15 minutes or longer. You can also place them on the eye lid to reduce wrinkles and tighten skin.

    Puffy Eyes
    Put cool slices of cucumbers on your eyes. Or soak two tea bags & place in freezer for a few minutes, place on eyes & lay back & relax! Or, grate a raw potato, mold it into a mushy pack, and put it on your eyes and lids for 10-20 minutes. The potato starch will help smooth eye-area skin and ease away puffyness.

    Baggy Eyes
    Dab some Preparation H hemorrhoid cream on those bags!! It will shrink them up in no time!

    Under Eye Dark Circles
    For under eye circles and wrinkles, mix a drop or two of honey with 2-3 drops of fresh lemon juice. Apply to the area under the eye. I honestly can not remember how long to leave this solution on, but I leave it on for about 15 min. to 1/2 hour and it seems to work. Or try this great tip that Jessie from Phoenix, Az was kind enough to share with us; "Take 1 tsp. tomato juice, 1/2 tsp. lemon juice, a pinch of turmeric powder and a tsp. of flour. Make a paste and apply. Leave for 10 minutes and wash off." Thanks Jessie!

    Highlight Your Hair!
    To lighten hair, use 1/4 cup chopped fresh rhubarb to 2 cups boiling water. Cool, strain, and apply as a rinse.

    Homemade Hair Remover!
    Use 1 cup of honey, 3/4 cup of molasses, 1/2 cup sugar, and a little juice from a lemon. Be sure to heat it up enough to where its not too hot. Stir, apply to area you want to wax and remove it with linen strips.

    Curly Lashes
    To get long curly lashes, buy an eyelash curler at the drug store. They're only a couple of bucks. Before curling, use your blow dryer to "heat up" the curler.

    Shine Stopper!
    Using a clean makeup brush, brush your face with pure lemon juice. Let it stand for 5 minutes then rinse. Do this in the evening before bed since the citric acid may cause temporary redness. Lemon juice contains astringent and antiseptic properties that will get rid of the excess perspiration and unwanted shine from high humidity (that also causes oil glands to work over time!). Another shine stopper tip: In a cup, combine 10 drops of lemon juice with one half cup of water. Saturate a cotton ball with mixture and dab over clean skin. Do not rinse.

    Slenderize A Round Face
    To make your face appear thinner: Sweep bronzer over temples, cheekbones and under chin using a fluffy brush. Highlight forehead, bridge of nose, cheekbones and tip of chin with light powder.

    Slimmer Legs!
    This seaweed wrap releases water retention and leaves legs looking their sleekest! Soak legs in bath of warm water and Epsom salts for 5 minutes. Pat dry. Apply a seaweed mask (there are many to choose from on the market today!). Then wrap legs with plastic wrap and a warm towel. Relax for 15 minutes. Remove towel and plastic wrap and rinse.

    Kissable Lips!
    Buy a clean unused toothbrush and apply a dab or two of petroleum jelly to it. Brush lips until dead skin is scrubbed off and rinse with warm water. Works every time!
    Take cinnamon oil and dab on lips before you put on your lipstick. You have to test this first! It can irritate some peoples skin. You can also mix cinnamon with your lipstick if it is too strong alone.
    I keep a bottle of peppermint oil with my makeup. I put a dab on my lips before bed. It tingles, it smells good AND it plumps the lips. When I put my lipstick on the next day, I dab a little on top to plump again.

    Hair Conditioner
    Heat up one half cup of mayonnaise and apply to dry unwashed hair. Cover with plastic bag and wait for 15 minutes. Rinse and shampoo thoroughly.

    No More Oily Hair!
    Instead of using regular shampoo use lemon Joy (the dish soap). It absorbs all the oil and the lemon also lightens hair. My hair stylist says my hair has never looked better.

    Bye Bye Shampoo Buildup!
    Take a tablespoon of baking soda and massage into wet hair, rinse and shampoo as usual. Do this weekly. For a super-duper cleansing, rinse off the baking soda with a few tablespoons of cider vinegar mixed with warm water. It fizzes like crazy and really strips out all of the junk (except the grey!).

    Stop Green Hair on Blondes!
    Just wash your hair with shampoo, then take a tomato and squeeze the juice out and apply to your hair. Then rinse well. You can also use V8 the tomato drink. The red tones and natural acids in the juice neutralize any greenness as well as leaving your hair soft and glossy.
    To remove the green discoloration of blond hair from the chlorine in swimming pools, just wash your hair and then apply a paste of baking soda and water to your hair. Leave on your hair for about ten minutes. Rinse, shampoo and condition as usual. The green should be gone.

    Keep Makeup Fresh
    After applying makeup, spray mineral water on your face and let dry. Do not wipe. Makeup will stay looking fresh longer.

    Makeup Remover
    Almond or sesame oil on a cotton ball will do a great job of taking off makeup, including water-proof mascara!
    "If you use contact lens solution to remove your eye makeup it works just as good if not better than eye make up remover! Just put it on a cotton swab and well...... you get the point."

    The Best Moisturizer!
    Expensive health spas use this treatment! Wash face thoroughly. While your face is still wet, rub in a small amount of petroleum jelly. Continue wetting face until the jelly is spread evenly and doesn't appear greasy. Your gonna love how smooth and soft your face feels! Just remember, it will not stay greasy if you keep adding water a little at a time!

    Salt Glow Rub
    This exfoliating scrub will leave your skin soft and glowing. Only the best spas use this special recipe! Mix the juice from 1 lemon with 2 parts coarse salt and 1 part olive oil to make a paste. Step into the shower and massage into body. Turn on the shower and rinse. Pat dry and apply a rich moisturizer.

    Soft Glowing Skin
    Once a week I exfoliate using sugar and olive oil to exfoliate. I first put a warm wet face cloth on my face for a minute and then I massage on some olive oil. I then use a little sugar on my fingertips and gently massage over my face. I give extra attention to my lips too. Don't scrub hard, you don't want to do damage to the skin. I then rinse well and then apply a little powdered milk (soothes the skin) and massage it over my face. I leave it on for a minute and then rinse off with cool water. My face has a healthy glow and is very smooth. Olive oil is a staple in my bathroom as well as in my kitchen."

    Silky Soft Hands
    Pour a spoonful of honey into the palm of your hand, add 3/4 spoon of sugar. (do this over the sink!) Now massage well into your hands for a few minutes. Sounds yucky, but feels great! Rinse and apply hand lotion. Soft! Also try; Before bed, wash and dry hands in lukewarm water. Slather with petroleum jelly, cover with cotton gloves and go to sleep. In the morning you will have smooth, supple, silky soft hands!

    Silky Soft Legs
    Mix two Tbs. of petroleum jelly with the contents of one 400 IU vitamin E capsule and massage all over your legs. Slip on cotton sweats and go to bed. In the morning, wash legs with a moisturizing body wash and apply a body lotion. Soft as silk!

    Smudge-proof Eyes
    To seal eyeliner in place, trace over the line with a powder shadow in a matching shade. Another good tip is to use a fine brush, dip in water then your powdered shadow and then trace over your liner.

    Tooth Whitener
    Dip a toothbrush in a mashed strawberry and brush vigorously to remove yellowing and stains.
    After brushing with your regular toothpaste, make a paste of 1 tbsp of baking soda and a few drops of lemon juice and brush again. It tastes horrible but just think white teeth! You should start to see a change in a week.

    Wrinkle Remover
    Cut a grape in half and gently crush it on your face and neck. Make sure that you get the "crows-feet" and the lines around your mouth. Leave it on for twenty minutes or so and rinse with tepid water and pat dry. Repeat every day and before you know it... those nasty old lines will be hard to find!! While you are at it, drink at least 8 glasses of water daily. And... eat veggies rich in Vitamin A, such as carrots, celery and spinach. Also, get 8 hours of sleep every night.
    Soak cotton pads in orange juice and put them over the eyes for one half hour to get rid of wrinkles.

    Zit Zappers!
    To help reduce redness and swelling in blemishes place a potato slice on the area overnight. I have used band-aids or medical tape to keep the potato in place. It worked great through my teenage years."
    Soak a cotton ball in warm salt water and hold it on the blemish for 3-4 minutes, the nasty white part will dissolve!
    Take a wash cloth, soak with urine and apply it to the face.


    Measuring Cups
    Before you pour sticky substances into a measuring cup, fill with hot water. Dump out the hot water, but don't dry cup. Next, add your ingredient, such as peanut butter, and watch how easily it comes right out.

    Info About Clothes Dryers
    The heating unit went out on my dryer! The gentleman that fixes things around the house for us told us that he wanted to show us something and he went over to the dryer and pulled out the lint filter. It was clean. (I always clean the lint from the filter after every load clothes.)He told us that he wanted to show us something; he took the filter over to the sink, ran hot water over it. The lint filter is made of a mesh material - I'm sure you know what your dryer's lint filter looks like. Well,...the hot water just sat on top of the mesh! It didn't go through it at all! He told us that dryer sheets cause a film over that mesh that's what burns out the heating unit. You can't SEE the film, but it's there. It's what is in the dryer sheets to make your clothes soft and static free -- that nice fragrance too, you know how they can feel waxy when you take them out of the box, well this stuff builds up on your clothes and on your lint screen. This is also what causes dryer units to catch fire & potentially burn your house down with it! He said the best way to keep your dryer working for a very long time (& to keep your electric bill lower) is to take that filter out & wash it with hot soapy water & an old toothbrush (or other brush) at least every six months. He said that makes the life of the dryer at least twice as long! How about that!?! Learn something new everyday! I certainly didn't know dryer sheets would do that. So, I thought I'd share!

    Note: I went to my dryer & tested my screen by running water on it. The water ran through a little bit but mostly collected all the water in the mesh screen. I washed it with warm soapy water & a nylon brush & I had it done in 30 seconds. Then when I rinsed it -- the water ran right thru the screen! There wasn't any pudding at all! That repairman knew what he was talking about!

    Baked on food
    Fill container with water, get a Bounce paper softener and the static from the Bounce towel will cause the baked on food to adhere to it. Soak overnight. Also; you can use 2 Efferdent tablets, soak overnight!

    Stains on clothes

    Grass stains
    Karo Syrup

    Grease Stains
    Coca Cola, it will also remove grease stains from the driveway overnight. We know it will take corrosion from car batteries!

    Steamy mirrors
    Apply a top coat of shaving cream to the bathroom mirror. This practice keeps mirrors from steaming up.

    Perspiration Stains
    2 T. cream of tartar per gallon of water. Soak until stain disappears then launder as usual.

    Salt Stains On Shoes
    Apply white vinegar to shoes with a rag and wipe off salt stains. This is supposed to de-activate the salt as well.

    Clean White Shoes
    Rub the shoes with a cloth dipped in ammonia.

    Removing Spaghetti Sauce From Clothing
    Rub regular Dawn Dishwashing Detergent into the spaghetti stain; put some also into lukewarm water and stir. Soak clothing overnight. Repeat if necessary. DO NOT ever put clothing in dryer if it has a stain or you will set the stain. NOTE: You can use Simple Green in the same manner or try adding 1/4 c. Simple Green to your washing machine load and if there are any stains you may have missed, the Simple Green will help remove them.

    Removing Perspiration Stains
    Make a solution of water, white vinegar and detergent or use vinegar alone and apply to the stain; launder as usual.

    Remove Grass Stains
    For grass stains, combine a few drops of household ammonia with 1 t. peroxide. Rub stain with this mixture. Rinse with water as soon as stain disappears.

    Remove Wrinkles From A Vinyl Coat
    Hang the coat on a hanger and go over wrinkles with a hair dryer til wrinkles come out.

    Soften Blue Jeans
    Soak in full strength fabric softener (Like Downy) over night and launder as usual (repeat if necessary).

    Washing Down Pillows
    Launder in washing machine. Place in dryer and put 4 new tennis balls in with the pillows (if you don't have the balls use clean tennis shoes). This pounds and fluffs the pillows. This is noisy. This can take longer than a single drying cycle. Feel the pillows with your fingers to make sure the feathers are dry and not matted. If you feel any "lumps", return to drier.

    Clean Stuffed Animals
    Place animal in a paper bag, add corn meal and shake the bag for a minute or so. Let stand for several hours. Brush the corn meal off. This absorbs the oils and grease. Repeat if necessary.

    Used Pantyhose For Drying Sweaters
    Put the pantyhose in the neck of the sweater and run the legs of the pantyhose down through the arms. Now you can hang the sweater up very nicely and let it dry on the line by clipping the clothespins to the pantyhose instead of the sweater. This eliminates any "clip" marks and helps the sweater dry faster.

    Remove Mustard Stains From Clothing
    Apply a few drops of glyercine and rub it in with your fingers. Rinse the stain with water and launder as usual.

    Remove Ring Around The Collar
    For "ring around the collar," use a bar of white, mild soap that is free of moisturizers. Rub the soap along the collar and throw the item in the wash.

    Cleaning Stuffed Animals
    Place in dryer on "low" setting with a sheet of Bounce fabric softener or other dryer sheet.


    Remove A Ring Stuck On Your Finger
    Wrap your finger tightly with dental floss and then you can take the ring off over that.

    Remove Wax From Carpeting
    Place a paper towel over the stain and draw the wax up into it by placing a warm iron over the paper towel (this is called "capillary action"); repeat if necessary. Sponge the stained area with 1 c. isopropyl alcohol and 2-3 c. water if the stain remains. Sponge from the outside to the inside of the stain. Be very sure not to get the area too wet or you can bring up a stain from the padding.

    Remove Candle Wax From Furniture
    Turn stained furniture upside down. Put a piece of cotton cloth (T-shirt) over the wax stain. Using a hot chrome or metal finish curling iron, heat wax and let it melt into the cloth. This may take several applications to fully remove the wax.

    Remove Candle Wax On Material
    Remove the excess the best you can. This is best done by putting an ice cube on the wax to harden it, then peeling or scraping off the excess wax. Then place an absorbent piece of paper underneath, such as a brown paper bag. Put a white paper towel on top. Place a warm (not hot) iron on top over the paper towel and it should draw the wax up to the towel.

    Remove Candle Wax From Candle Holders
    Put candle holders in the freezer til wax is frozen. Chip the wax off. Or, put holders under very hot water and wipe wax off.

    Removing Hair Spray From Walls
    Put a few drops of shampoo and warm water on a sponge or cloth to wipe down the wall. Rinse with clear warm water to remove any residue.

    Remove Mildew
    Mix equal parts of non-chlorine Clorox II Lemon Fresh bleach and Palmolive dish soap. Make a paste and apply it to the mildew. You can use a toothbrush to really work it in. This may take a few applications. When mildew brushes off; launder.

    Remove Dents In Carpet From Furniture
    Very carefully lift up the fibers in the indentation using the tines of a fork. You may have to apply some steam as well. Use a steam iron, but don't let the carpet get wet.

    Remove Wrinkles From Plastic Table Covers
    Place table cover in the dryer with a wet towel on high heat for a couple of minutes. You want it to almost feel like it's "melting" But caller assures it's not. This is to soften up the cover and make it pliable enough to pull the wrinkles out. Place cover over the table and pull wrinkles out. Watch carefully so it doesn't melt!

    Remove Burnt-On Food From A Pot
    Put the pot in the freezer for a couple of hours. Remove and wash it out as you would normally.

    Remove Wallpaper Glue
    Mix Dawn dishwashing liquid with warm/hot water. Sponge it on and leave it for 5-10 minutes; then use a putty knife to scrape off the glue. It comes off easily, but make sure to put down paper, plastic or old carpet (it is messy). Then with the same solution you can sponge off the thin residue that is left. You'll wind up with a cleanly stripped wall. Joe said: "don't know why it works, but it does. Learned this from an old friend who is a painting contractor. Hope this helps".

    Removing Permanent Marker
    Permanent marker on appliances/counter tops (like store receipt BLUE!) rubbing alcohol on paper towel.

    Removing Burnt on Food From a Skillet
    To easily remove burnt on food from your skillet, simply add a drop or two of dish soap and enough water to cover bottom of pan, and bring to a boil on stovetop.

    Scuff marks on your vinyl luggage
    Try rubbing lemon extract over the area

    If you need to make a patch for your wallpaper, never cut out a piece. Always use a piece that you have torn by hand and be sure to tear toward the wrong side of the wallpaper.  This will make the patch nearly invisible.

    Candle Wax
    To remove wax from carpeting you should first scrape away any excess. Then, using a warm iron and a clean cloth or even a paper bag simply place the iron on top of the cloth over the wax and as you iron it will adhere to the cloth instead of the carpet. Continue moving the cloth around as you pick up the wax so you are always using a clean section of cloth. If a little grease stain remains sprinkle on baking soda and let sit overnight before vacuuming which will remove the grease residue and deodorize at the same time! If colored wax leaves a stain, blot with spot remover or carpet cleaner, following label directions.

    Remove lint from clothes
    Here is a simple and easy way to get rid of the lint that collects while washing.  Add 1/2 cup of vinegar to laundry in the rinse cycle. Your clothes will leave the washer soft, smooth and clean.

    Plastic Melted on Toaster
      Nail polish remover will remove this easily.  

    Crayon on Walls or Washable Wallpaper
    Spray with multipurpose lubricating oil. Then gently wipe, using a paper towel or clean white cloth. If mark is stubborn, sprinkle a little baking soda on a damp sponge and gently rub in a circular motion. If lubricants residue remains, dampen a sponge with a solution of one or two drops of mild dish-washing liquid to one cup water. Squeeze out sponge and gently rub in a circular motion. Rinse sponge; lightly moisten with water to go over area; dry with a clean cloth. Another method is to use a blow dryer. It heats the wax and wipes away instantly. If the color remains behind, like red usually does, wet a cloth with bleach and wipe.

    Crayon marks on walls
    A damp rag dipped in baking soda. Comes off with little effort (elbow grease that is)!

    Permanent marker on appliances/counter tops
    Rubbing alcohol on paper towel.

    Remove water spots
    To remove water spots on stainless steel, rub area with a clean, soft cloth dampened with white vinegar. Then wipe dry to avoid spots.

    Heel Marks
    Use a pencil eraser on black heel marks.

    Dishwasher Soap Film
    Run a cup of white vinegar through the entire dishwashing cycle in an empty dishwasher to remove all soap film.

    To Remove Putty
    A red-hot iron will soften old putty so that it can be easily removed.

    Clean Your Combs And Brushes
    To get combs and brushes cleaner than new, soak in ammonia for a minute or two.

    Paint removal
    Pam will also remove paint, and grease from your hands!

    Remove ink
    Peanut butter will remove ink from the face of dolls

    Remove wax
    Take a paper towel and iron it over the wax stain, it will absorb into the towel.

    Remove labels off glassware
    Rub with Peanut butter!

    Crayon on the wall
    Colgate toothpaste and brush it!

    Use fabric sheets to pick up that unsightly dust on the TV, end tables and other areas.

    Wash windows
    Use old crumpled up newspaper and vinegar to wash windows, but be careful around light colored paint on windowsills

    Clean Microwave Oven And Remove Odors
    Place a bowl of vinegar in the microwave and run on high til it comes to a boil. Wipe the interior clean with a rag dipped in the vinegar.

    Clean Coffee Makers
    Drop an EFFER-DENT denture cleaning tablet in a 10 cup coffee maker and add hot water it instead of cold. Brew as usual then rinse.

    Shine A Kitchen Floor Without Waxing
    A cup of vinegar poured into your mop water will make your kitchen floor gleam. On no-wax floors that have dulled it brings out the shine. On waxed floors it helps cut through years of wax buildup, leaving the surface bright.

    Shower Doors
    To keep shower doors shiny and clear, use a soft cloth moistened with baby oil. It prevents scum build-up from dirt and soap. And hard water spots won't appear for several months

    No Streak Window Cleaning
    Clean windows with your favorite window cleaner or use a mixture of 1/4 -1/2 c. white vinegar, 1-2 T. lemon juice or 1-2 T. rubbing alcohol. (one neighbor said to add 2-3 drops of dishwasher detergent) and 1 quart water. Wipe dry with crumpled up newspaper sheets.
    Note: another neighbor says to let the newspaper ink dry for 3 weeks so you don't get it all over your hands.

    To Clean Undissolved Soap In A Dishwasher
    Give your dishwasher a refreshing drink of Tang every month or two. Dump an entire pint jar of Tang into the bottom of an empty dishwasher. Preheat the water by running tap water in the sink til it's hot. Then run a full cycle. Also, store your powdered detergent in a plastic bag to keep it as dry as possible, it will work better in the dishwasher. It is also a good idea to refer back to the manufacturer's manual to see their method for proper loading of the unit. The use of Tang applies to your washing machine as well! It removes the build-up of detergent and mineral deposits. Depending on how often you use these appliances, you should do this every few months. Also be sure you don't overdo the detergent - follow your manufacturer's instructions and even a little less!

    Clean Burnt Stainless Steel Pots
    Sprinkle electric dishwasher powder liberally over the burnt area of the pot (about 2-3 T.). Fill the pot 1/2 way with water, cover with lid and bring to the boil. Reduce to a simmer for a few minutes and take a brush to it to clean.

    Remove Cloudiness From Glassware
    Soak glassware in a solution of hot water and white vinegar or full strength vinegar depending on how cloudy it is. Scrub with a brush then wash. If glasses are cloudy only on the inside, just fill with vinegar or vinegar/water solution. The amount of soaking time depends on the cloudiness of the glasses. Repeat if necessary.

    Drain Cleaner
    Pour 1 c. baking soda down the drain. Pour 1 pt. white vinegar down the drain. Let sit for 1 hour. Run hot water to flush the pipes. If it's a basement drain, use a bucket of boiling water. If the pipe is plugged with hair, etc. this probably won't clear it; you'll need something stronger. But this method will control odors and keep drains sweet.

    Cleaning Coffee Makers
    Fill the decanter with white vinegar. Place a filter in the machine, pour in the vinegar and run about 3 c. of the vinegar into the decanter. Turn the machine off and let stand for 30 minutes. Pour the 3 c. of vinegar back into the coffee maker, turn it back on and let the vinegar run completely through the machine. Discard the vinegar and the used coffee filter. Replace the filter with a clean one and run a decanter of fresh water through the machine. Remove the filter and replace with a new one and run another decanter of fresh water through the machine. If you have soft water, you'll need to clean the machine after 80 brew cycles. If you have hard water, every 40 cycles

    Clean The Inside Of Copper Pans
    Mix equal amounts of cornmeal, salt and white vinegar into a paste. Apply the paste to the surface area to be cleaned. Rub off. Rinse.

    Clean Shower Curtains
    1.) Run them in the washer with warm water, soap and bleach. Dry on medium cycle.
    2.) Run in washing machine. Wash with detergent, 1c. vinegar, 1 c. ammonia and use hot water. Add a couple of towels to balance out the load. Dry in the dryer for about 5 minutes and re-hang.

    Clean Shower Doors
    If that leftover bottle of white wine has gone sour on you, use it on your shower door instead of throwing it out. Rinse off with water and dry well...even if it's a dry wine. Or you can wipe the shower door with some fabric softener on a damp cloth. Buff with a clean, dry cloth.

    Clean The Touchpads On Stoves Or Microwave Ovens
    Warm a little vinegar (don't make it hot) and clean using a soft cloth (not paper toweling). Don't use too much liquid here it could possibly short out the unit.

    Clean The Oven Door Window
    Make a paste of baking soda and white vinegar. Apply to the oven window and let stand a couple of hours. Wipe off with a damp cloth. If the window is still dirty...make a paste of electric dishwasher detergent and water and repeat as before. If using the detergent wear rubber gloves.

    Clean Out Cloudy Vases
    Use full-strength white vinegar; pour into vase and let stand for about an hour then "swish" and rinse with clear water. If you don't have a brush to fit inside the vase, add some uncooked rice (tablespoon or two - depending on the size of the vase) and "shake" with the vinegar to get the cloudiness out of some of the hard-to-get-at places inside of the vase. The vinegar (and rice) can be re-used until it looks "icky"! She could also try the commercial product "CLR".

    Clean A Cloudy Vase With A Small Opening
    Dampen the inside of the vase and add any toilet bowl cleaner. Let stand for 10 minutes and it will all disappear.

    Window Washing
    Use vertical strokes when washing windows outside and horizontal for inside windows. This way you can tell which side has the streaks. Straight vinegar will get outside windows really clean. Don't wash windows on a sunny day. They will dry too quickly and will probably streak.

    Cleaning Mirrors
    Use air-freshener to clean mirrors. It does a good job and better still, leaves a lovely smell to the shine.

    Cleaning with Alka Seltzer
    Now look what you can do with Alka Seltzer. Clean a toilet. Drop in two Alka Seltzer tablets, wait twenty minutes, brush and flush. The citric acid and effervescent action clean vitreous China.

    Clean a vase
    To remove a stain from the bottom of a glass vase or cruet, fill with water and drop in two Alka Seltzer tablets.

    Clean a thermos bottle
    Fill the bottle with water, drop in four Alka Seltzer tablets, and let soak for an hour (or longer, if necessary).

    Clean toilet
    Alka Seltzer is a great thing!  Use two in the toilet bowl and in 20 minutes brush and flush.  Got a stain in a vase?  Fill with water and drop in two tablets.  Drop two in a glass of water and immerse jewelry for 2 minutes for a good safe cleaning.  Drop four tablets in a thermos bottle full of water and let it soak for an hour to clean.  Unclog a drain by dropping two alka seltzer followed by a cup of white vinegar.  Wait a few minutes then flush with hot water.

    Denture tablets
    Denture cleaning tablets work wonders on sippy cup lids and plugs.  Drop two into a bowl of warm water and add plugs.  Wait 15 minutes and rinse clean.

    Cleaning Woodwork
    Did you know that cold tea will clean woodwork?  Give it a try!

    Cleaning Brass
    Wash with salt and buttermilk or vinegar and salt.
    This same treatment is also used for cleaning copper.

    General Purpose Cleaners
    Combine 1/2 c. baking soda and 1 tbsp. water to form a paste.

    To Clean Wooden Furniture
    Wash with warm water and Ivory soap, dry and rub with equal quantities of spirits of turpentine and sweet oil, wipe dry and rub with soft flannel cloth.

    To Wash Windows
    Dip a lintless cloth in wood alcohol, go over the glass  and follow with a piece of old silk cloth. This is fine  for cold weather.

    To keep your chimney clean, throw a handful of salt on the fire.

    Oven Spillover
        As soon as the spillover occurs, pour on a mixture of 5 parts salt and one part cinnamon. The salt absorbs the spill, the cinnamon prevents a burned smoky smell. After the oven cools, lift out the salt mixture with a metal spatula and wipe with a damp sponge.

    Burned Pans
    Sprinkle with baking soda and dribble with just enough water to moisten. Allow to sit for several hours. The burned stuff will lift right out.

    Oven Racks
        Place racks the bathtub with 1/2 cup dishwasher detergent and several inches of warm water. Allow to soak for 45 minutes. Just rinse. No scrubbing needed.

    To remove scale, stains & odors from the dishwasher. Start the cycle with the dishwasher empty. When it has filled with water, add two cups of white vinegar and allow the cycle to complete.

    Glass Light Fixtures
    Run these through the dishwasher to get them sparkling clean without any effort.

    Tea Kettles
    To remove scale from a tea kettle, fill with equal parts water and white vinegar. Bring to a boil, remove from heat and allow to sit overnight. Clean and rinse.

    Blenders & Food Processors
       Let these clean themselves. Fill partway with warm water, add a drop of dishwashing liquid, cover and run at low speed. Run with clear water to rinse thoroughly.

    Range Hood Filters
         If your range uses the permanent metal filters, clean them in the dishwasher.

    Kitchen Drawers
      Use the vacuum cleaner to quickly clean kitchen drawers without removing everything. Place a layer of cheesecloth over the suction tube and vacuum out any crumbs, dirt and debris.

    Lime & Mineral Deposits
      Place vinegar-soaked paper towels around faucets for one hour. Not only does it break down the mineral scale, but the chrome will be clean and shiny.

    Clean Glass
    Use crumpled newspapers instead of paper towels or cloth rags to clean windows and other glass surfaces. They are lint-free, very absorbent, and leave the glass sparkling.

    Washing windows
    Use vertical strokes when washing windows outside and horizontal for inside windows. This way you can tell which side has the streaks. Straight vinegar will get outside windows really clean. Don't wash windows on sunny day. They will dry too quickly and will probably streak.

    Clean mirrors
    Use air-freshener to clean mirrors. It does a good job and better still, leaves a lovely smell to the shine.

    Cleaning Kitchen Countertops
    Use a mild dishwashing liquid for plastic lamination and rinse well afterwards to prevent residue from getting on food.

    Cleaning Vinyl Floors
    Mop with a mild detergent and wait awhile to allow it to penetrate the ground-in dirt.

    Cleaning Safety Tip
    Don't mix cleaning products like ammonia and bleach. They can be toxic.

    Cleaning with Automatic-Dishwasher Detergent
    Automatic-dishwasher detergent works well on refrigerators, stoves, floors, walls and glass.
    Dissolve 1/4 cup in one gallon of very hot water.
    Wipe with a dry cloth afterward.
    Wear rubber gloves and test first to make sure that what you're cleaning is colorfast.

    Use the bartender's method for speedy stemware washing. Holding the base, pump the glass vigorously in very hot sudsy water, then quickly put it in hot clear water (cooler water may shatter it) Dry upside down on a cotton towel.
    For extra-shiny, streakless glasses, add a little vinegar or borax to the final rinse water.
    If glasses have hard-water stains, rub them with a scouring pad dipped in vinegar.
    Never use hot water, harsh soaps, ammonia or washing soda on silver or gold-rimmed glasses.
    A well-lathered shaving brush cleans deeply etched or hobnailed glass especially well.
    If eggs have dried on your patterned glass tableware, rub off the residue with a slice of lemon.

    Stuck on Food
    For stuck on food on a casserole dish, try adding 2 tablespoons of baking soda and boiling water to cover the stuck on food. Let sit for a while. The dish will be much easier to clean.

    To Clean Hands
    Tomato juice will remove stains from and whiten the hands.

    Dirty grout

    Preventing Drawers From Sticking
    Make sure the wood is very dry and sanded well. Shellac them and then rub with paraffin wax in order to lubricate them so they slide easily. Do this to all surfaces of the drawers.

    Flooded Basements
    Disinfect your walls and floors with Lysol or a solution of 1/2 c. chlorine to 1 gal. water. Discard fruits, vegetables or food that has come in contact with the water. Wash jars or cans of food with soap and hot water using a brush, then immerse in chlorinated water. (3 drops of bleach to 1 gal. water) for at least 15 minutes. Clothing, carpets, toys and upholstered furniture cannot be disinfected, you should discard them. Beware of electrocution. Don't go down in the water until the electricity has been cut off.

    Preventing Rash From Wrist Watch
    Brush back of watch with clear nail polish. When it wears off repeat.

    Silence Squeaking Wood Floors
    Dust talcum powder into the cracks. The listener who called this in said it works like magic.

    Eliminate Discoloration And Cover Scratches In Wood Furniture
    Break a piece of peanut, walnut or pecan and rub the broken side over scratches in wooden furniture. The oil from the nutmeat can eliminate discoloration and the furniture may look almost as good as new.

    Prevent Cloudiness In Crystal Glassware
    Add vinegar to the washwater. Don't use the dishwasher. Wash by hand using about 1/2-1c. vinegar to 1 gal. hot water. Or for better results, soak glasses in a strong vinegar solution (1-2 c. per gal. hot water) for several hours or overnight. Repeat if necessary.

    Clear A Frozen Drain-Line In Your Refrigerator
    Boil a pot of water. Fill a turkey baster with the water and squirt down the drain line.

    Saving Newsprint
    Sandwich the clipping between a couple of stainless steel window screens and soak in a solution of 1 t. magnesium carbonate and 1 qt. club soda. Soak for 30 minutes. Let dry.

    Dry Rose Petals To Make A Potpourri
    Place the individual rose petals in a single layer on paper toweling. Cook for 1 minute (using an 800 watt microwave). If petals are not completely dried, continue cooking in 10-15 second cycles. Place on a cookie sheet and continue cooking petals til you have enough for the potpourri. Put petals into a jar and sprinkle with a few drops of rose oil.

    Keep Mildew From Shower Curtains
    Cut off the bottom hem on the shower curtain so the water can't collect there. Give it a good shake after a shower to remove as much water as you can.

    Unstick Stuck Photographs
    Put them in the freezer for 10-20 minutes. Gently break apart using a butter knife. Put back into freezer if they don't come apart easily.

    Make Screwing The Lightbulb Easier
    To make it easier to screw in or out, just apply a thin film of Vaseline to the threads of the lightbulb.

    Make Candles Drip Less When Burning
    Put your candles in the freezer for several hours to overnight before lighting them and it will prevent excessive dripping.

    Tighten Lids Or Caps Easier
    Use a pair of rubber gloves to tighten or loosen you lids and caps. These are the same gloves you use to wash your dishes.

    Water Plants While Off On Vacation
    Arrange the plants to be watered in one area in a circle. Fill a 5 gallon bucket with water and place the bucket on a stand (the water bucket will need to be above the plant containers). Tie cotton strings around a brick and place in the water bucket (one strand for each plant and long enough to reach the bottom of each plant container). Using a pencil, push a hole to the base of the plant containers and place each strand of string into the hole and tap it together to seal.
    Note: Only use cotton string. One (5 gallon) bucket of water will water 20 plants for two weeks.

    Inexpensive Alarm System
    Put your car keys beside your bed at night. If you hear a noise outside your home or someone trying to get in your house, just press the panic button for your car. The alarm will be set off and the horn will continue to sound until either you turn it off or the car battery dies. And remember to carry your keys while walking to your car in a parking lot. The alarm can work the same way there.

    Remove Indentations In Carpeting
    Hold a steam iron about 1 inch over the indentation and press the steam into the indentation several times (do not let the iron touch the fibers of the carpet!). This will loosen up the fibers. Brush. Repeat if necessary.
    Put an ice cube (or a small piece of ice) into the indentation and let it sit overnight. Blot up with white paper towel. Brush it out.
    A word of caution - if you get the carpet too wet you risk bringing up a stain from the padding below. Be sure it's a very small piece of ice that would equal only a few drops of water. As a matter of fact, one of our listeners uses tap water instead of the ice and lets it stand overnight before brushing it out the next day. She said to repeat if necessary.

    Organize the Cords
    Use Empty toilet paper roll to store appliance cords. It keeps them neat and you can write on the roll what appliance it belongs to.

    Scrubbing Pads
    Whenever I purchase a box of S.O.S Pads, I immediately take a pair of scissors and cut each pad into halves. After years of having to throw away rusted and unused and smelly pads, I finally decided that this would be much more economical. And now a box of S.O.S pads last me indefinitely! In fact, I have noticed that the scissors get sharpened this way!

    Longer Lasting Candles
    Candles will last a lot longer if placed in the freezer for at least 3 hours prior to burning.

    Cleaning Artificial Flowers
    To clean artificial flowers, pour some salt into a paper bag and add the flowers. Shake vigorously as the salt will absorb all the dust and dirt and leave your artificial flowers looking like new! Works like a charm!

    Polish jewelry
    Drop two Alka Seltzer tablets into a glass of water and immerse the jewelry for two minutes.

    Unclog a drain
    Clear the sink drain by dropping three Alka Seltzer Tablets down the drain followed by a cup of Heinz White Vinegar. Wait a few minutes, then run the hot water.

    If you live in an older home, you may be able to lower your heating costs by as much as 40% just by spending a few hours of your time, or spending a few hundred dollars to hire a professional weatherstripper. Weatherstripping involves using caulking, foam tape, and specially made products to seal cracks where warm air can escape your home. This are often found around windows, doors, baseboards, and electrical outlets.

    Hot Water Tank
    Your hot water tank should have an easy to adjust thermostat on it. This controls how hot the water in the tank is heated up to. Setting it to a lower level results in less energy being used to maintain the heat level. To save the most energy set it to 120F, but no lower, or else bacteria can build up in the tank. Of course, lowing the temperature setting will cause you to run out of hot water more easily, so this tip is unsuitable for some households.
    Installing low flow showerheads, as well as low flow heads in faucets, can also decrease your water bill a lot. These heads reduce water consumption by about half, compared to a typical standard unit. They can also allow you to run out of hot water less often when you have your tank’s thermostat set lower.
    Clothes washing and dish washing machines also use a lot of hot water, but new energy efficient units use only half as much as older units. A front loading clothes washer also uses almost 40% less electricity than a top loading unit because it can mainly rely on gravity to toss the clothes.
    The average home spends $290 a year on hot water, but a home that follows the above tips should only spend about half as much.

    Ceiling Fans
    Moving air feels cooler than it really is. It causes the heat that is radiating off your body to be swept away faster, making the air seem a few degrees cooler. A ceiling fan uses a small fraction as much energy as an air conditioner, and can make you just as comfortable on a moderately hot day. Save the air conditioning for the scorching days, and you might save a couple hundred dollars a year on electricity.

    Possibly the most frequently mentioned way to save energy is to replace incandescent light bulbs with fluorescent bulbs. The fluorescents may cost a lot more, but a fluorescent bulb that might cost $7 more should last 5-10 times as long and save $25-$75 worth of electricity in the process. Some may find their blue hue less cozy than the warm glow of an incandescent, but it does mean money is being saved.

    Programmable Thermostats
    If your furnace is often running while no one is home during the day or keeping your home warmer than necessary at night because you forget to turn your thermostat up or down, then you might be able to save 10% or so on heating costs with a programmable thermostat. A programmable thermostat can be set to lower the temperature while you’re at work on weekdays and during the night every day of the week.

    Heating Systems and Insulation
    Heating and air conditioning accounts for half or more of the utility costs in most homes. Investing in high efficiency heating systems and increasing insulation can greatly reduce theses costs. A high efficiency furnace can use up to 40% less energy than an older model, and newer air conditioners can use as much as 60% less electricity than older units. If you require both heating and air conditioning, then you should look into a heat pump system.
    If you live in an area that gets quite cold in the winter, and you live in a house that is over 15 years old, then you probably could use more insulation. The easiest place to add insulation is the attic. You could try to do this yourself for cheap, and cut your heating costs by 15% or so. Adding insulation to walls and installing new windows can also reduce heating costs by a lot, but these improvements are so expensive that you’ll probably want to look into other things first.

    Frosted Windows
    Want to make your windows "frosted" for more privacy? Add 1 tablespoon of Epsom Salt to 1 cup beer.  Brush on the window!  Let dry..To remove the frost, wash off with ammonia!  This is really neat. Just remember to cover any wood or furniture nearby, because this drips!

    Care of Aluminum
    Place tarnished pieces in large pan and cover with sour  milk. Allow to remain overnight. This will make the  ware as bright as new.

    Furniture Polish
    Mix 2 tsps. lemon oil and 1 pt. mineral oil in a spray bottle.

    Unclog Drain
    Mix 1 c. baking soda, 1 c. salt and 1 c. of white vinegar. (It will fizz) Let it sit for 15 minutes then pour down clogged drain. Pour in several cups of boiling water.

    To remove rust from chrome, wipe it with aluminum foil dipped in Coke. To polish chrome, use a crumbled up piece of aluminum foil and rub!

    Make your pillows extra fluffy
    You can rejuvenate your feather pillows.  Tumble in a cool dryer for about 10 minutes.  To make them really fresh then add a cloth dampened with fabric softener to the dryer.
    Another way is to freshen up pillows is to put them in a tumble dryer on a warm heat setting along with two or three clean tennis balls.  It will freshen them up a treat.

    Yellowed / Grayed Whites
    Rit®, the makers of clothes dye, makes a white-wash that works well for bleachable and non-bleachable clothing that has yellowed or grayed. You can also hang yellowed clothes out to dry whenever possible to reduce the yellow.

    Cloudy Drinking Glasses
    Soak them for an hour or longer in slightly warm (not boiled) white vinegar. Then use a nylon-net or plastic scrubbie to remove film. Still there? The damage must be etching (tiny scratches that occur in the dishwasher) and is permanent, sorry to say. To avoid this altogether, hand-wash your best glasses.

    Coffee Grinder
    Grind up a cup or so of rice in a coffee grinder to clean the grinder and sharpen its blades.

    To polish copper, rub an ample amount of catsup on the copper and let it stand for 5 minutes. Rinse off the catsup with hot water and dry to find an incredible shine.

    Deodorize dishes
    Deodorize dishes, pans, cutting boards or utensils with those same pungent odors, simply add 1/4 cup of lemon juice to your dishwater.

    Icy doorsteps
    For icy doorsteps in freezing temperatures: get warm water and put Dawn dish washing liquid in it. Pour it all over the steps. They won't refreeze. (Wish I had known this for the last 60 years)!

    Opening jars
    Opening brand new jars can be a feat in itself. Well, I have found way to make it the easiest thing to do. Instead of banging a jar of jam, pickles, etc., with a knife until it loosens up, I simply reach into the drawer and pull out the handy nutcracker. It adjusts to the size of the jar and I simply give it a good twist and off pops the lid!

    Leftover wine
    Don't throw out all that leftover wine: Freeze into ice cubes  for future use in casseroles and sauces. (What leftover wine?  LOL!)

    Garbage Disposal Tips
    If you've ever switched on the garbage disposal instead of the kitchen light, mark the switch with a dab of red nail polish - anything to stop that grating noise.
    If your dishwasher drains through your garbage disposal, switch it on when the hot soapy water is running through is so it gets a good cleaning.

    Handy Tie
    Drop the twist tie in the bottom of any can or basket before you put the liner in. When you're ready to empty it, the tie is handy.

    To Prevent Lost Children
    Label children's hats, scarves, etc., with the name and place of residence so that, if lost, they may be easily restored.

    To Soften Hard Water
    Hard water becomes nearly soft by boiling.

    Coal Ashes For Walking On
    Make excellent garden walks with coal ashes. They become very hard by use, and no weeds or grass will grow through them.

    To Temper Glass
    Lamp chimneys and glassware for hot water are made less liable to break by putting in cold water, bringing slowly to boiling point, boiling for an hour, and allowing to cool before removing from the water.

    To Start A Fire In Damp, Still Weather
    Light a few bits of shavings or paper placed upon the top of grate; thus by the heated air's forcing itself into the chimney and establishing there an upward current, the room is kept free from the gas and smoke which is so apt to fill it, and the fire can then be lighted from below with good success.

    To Preserve Old Books
    Bindings may be preserved from mildew by brushing them over with spirits of wine. A few drops of perfumed oil will secure libraries from the consuming effects of mold and damp. The Romans used oil of cedar to preserve valuable manuscripts.

    To Hang Pictures
    The cheapest and best material with which to hang pictures is copper wire, of a size proportioned to the weight of the pictures. When hung the wire is scarcely visible, and its strength and durability is wonderful.

    Finish For Room
    A room with plain white walls is finished beautifully by placing a black walnut (or the same wood with which the room is finished) molding, around the room where the border of paper is usually placed, at the junction of wall and ceiling. The molding, finished in oil, is easily put up. The upper edge should be rounded, and a space of a quarter inch left between it and the ceiling.
    To hang pictures, buy an "S" hook, sold at all hardware stores, place one hook over the molding, hang the picture cord on the other, and slip to the right or left to the desired position. This saves the wall from injury for picture nails.

    Laying Carpets
    A carpet wears better if put down well, and it is better to have it done by experienced persons when the expense can be afforded and such help can be had.

    Stair Carpets
    They will wear much longer if extra thicknesses of paper are placed over the edge of each stair, the full width of the carpet, before fastening down.

    A Cheap Carpet
    Make a cover for the floor of the cheapest cotton cloth. Tack it down like a carpet, paper it as you would a wall with paper resembling a carpet in figures, let it dry, varnish with two coats of varnish, and with reasonable usage it will last two years.

    To Soften Corks
    When corks are too large to go into a bottle, throw them into hot water a few moments, and they will soften.

    To Keep Cutlery From Rust
    Wipe dry, and wrap in coarse brown paper.

    To Prevent Iron Rust
    Kerosene applied to stoves or farming implements, during summer, will prevent their rusting.

    Everlasting Fence Posts
    I discovered many years ago that wood could be made to last longer than iron in the ground, but thought the process so simple and inexpensive that it was not worthwhile making any stir about it.
    I would as soon have poplar, basswood, or quaking ash as any other kind of timber for fence posts. I have taken out basswood posts after having been set seven years, which were as sound when taken out as when they were first put in the ground. Time and weather seemed to have no effect on them. The posts can be prepared for less than two cents a piece [circa 1860].
    This is the recipe: Take boiled linseed oil and stir it in pulverized charcoal to the consistency of paint. Put a coat of this over the timber, and there is not a man that will live to see it rotten.

    To Mend A Crack On Inside Of Kitchen Range
    Use a filling made of equal parts of wood ashes and common salt, made up into paste with a little water, and plastered over the crack. This will prove hard and lasting whether the stove, etc., be cold or hot.

    Flowers May Be Kept Very Fresh Overnight
    If they are excluded from the air. To do this, wet them thoroughly, put in a damp box, and cover with wet newspaper, then place in a cool spot.

    To Keep Bar Soap
    For this household tip to work with modern soap, you must first remove the bars of soap from their wrappers and allow them to dry out. Not only do the dry bars last longer, but they leave less of a soap residue in the soap dish.
    It is a great saving to have bars of soap dry. Dry, hard bars will last longer when used. It should be bought by the quantity.

    Keep Bar Soap
    Mutton tallow is considered excellent to soften the hands. It may be rubbed on at any time when the hands are perfectly dry. Another good rule is to rub well in dry oatmeal after every washing, and be particular regarding the quantity of soap. Cheap soap and hard water are the unknown enemies of many people, and the cause of rough skin and chapped hands. Castile soap and rain water will sometimes cure without any other assistance.

    To Soften Hands After Soapsuds
    One can have the hands in soapsuds with soft soap without injury to the skin if the hands are dipped in vinegar or lemon juice immediately after. The acids destroy the corrosive effects of the alkali, and make the hands soft and white.

    To Soften Hands Where Roughened
    Indian meal and vinegar or lemon juice used on hands where roughened by cold or labor will heal and soften them. Rub the hands in this, then wash off thoroughly.

    To Prevent Wooden Bedsteads Creaking
    If a bedstead creaks at each movement of the sleeper, remove the slats, and wrap the ends of each in old newspapers.

    To Prevent The Cracking Of Bottles And Fruit Jars
    If a bottle or fruit jar that has been more than once used is placed on a towel thoroughly soaked in hot water, there is little danger of its being cracked by the introduction of a hot liquid.

    To Preserve Oil Cloth
    If oil cloth be occasionally rubbed with a mixture of beeswax and turpentine, it will last longer.

    Packing Glass Bottles
    India-rubber bands slipped over them will prevent breakage.

    To Make Rag Rugs
    Cut rags and sew hit and miss, or fancy-striped as you choose; use wooden needles, round, smooth, and pointed at one end, of any convenient length. The knitting is done back and forth, always taking off the first stitch.

    To Make A Rustic Picture Frame
    A neat, rustic frame for pictures may be made of cattail rods. Hide the corners where they are joined with handsome autumn leaves and the berries of bittersweet.

    Castor Oil as a Dressing for Leather
    Castor oil, besides being an excellent dressing for leather, renders it vermin-proof; it should be mixed, say half and half, with tallow or other oil. Neither rats, roaches, nor other vermin will attack leather so prepared.

    Substitute for a Corkscrew
    A convenient substitute for a corkscrew, when the latter is not at hand, may be found in the use of a common wood screw, with an attached string to pull the cork.
    Another: Stick two forks vertically into the cork on opposite sides, not too near the edge. Run the blade of a knife through the two, and give a twist.
    Another: Fill the hollow at the bottom of the bottle with a handkerchief or towel; grasp the neck with one hand, and strike firmly and steadily with the other upon the handkerchief.

    To Keep Up Sash Windows
    This is performed by means of cork, in the simplest manner, and with scarcely any expense. Bore 3 or 4 holes in the sides of the sash, into which insert common bottle cork, projecting about the sixteenth part of an inch. These will press against the window frames along the usual groove, and by their elasticity support the sash at any height which may be required.

    Old-Fashioned White Wash Recipe
    7-1/2 lbs unslaked lime, 1-1/2 lbs rock salt, 3/4 lbs cement. Dissolve salt in 1 gallon of cold water. Pour the salt solution on the lime. Next add 1-1/2 gallons of water to the lime slowly allowing it to slake (it will get very hot). Finally, sprinkle the cement on a little at a time and stir mixture thoroughly. Be sure to apply this wash while it is still hot.
    The white wash will take about 2 days to harden, but after it hardens it will withstand almost any amount of rain or washing. Warning: Do not spill this mixture on your skin or clothing. It gets very hot, and lime will burn.

    A Flower Bowl
    Cut a piece of stiff paper the shape and size of the top of an ordinary bowl. Cut holes in it, as many as desired, for the stems of real or artificial flowers. Fit paper in bowl and put flower stems through holes.

    To Make Rice Glue
    Mix rice flour smoothly with cold water, and simmer it over a slow fire, when it will form a delicate and durable cement, not only answering all the purposes of common paste, but well adapted for joining paper and card board ornamental work. Rice glue is excellent for use in scrapbooks.

    Economy In Carpets
    In buying a carpet, as in everything else, those of the best quality are cheapest in the end. As it is extremely desirable that they should look as clean as possible, avoid buying a carpet that has any white in it. Even a small portion of white interspersed through the pattern will in a short time give it a dingy appearance.
    If you cannot obtain a hearth rug that exactly corresponds with the carpet, get one entirely different, for a decided contrast looks better than a bad match.

    Broken Glass
    Use a wet cotton ball or Q-tip to pick up the small shards of glass you can't see easily.

    Flexible vacuum
    To get something out of a heat register or under the fridge add an empty paper towel roll or empty gift wrap roll to your vacuum. It can be bent or flattened to get in narrow openings.

    Reducing Static Cling
    Pin a small safety pin to the seam of your slip and you will not have a clingy skirt or dress. Same thing works with slacks that cling when wearing panty hose. Place pin in seam of slacks and -- ta da! -- static is gone.

    Reopening envelope
    If you seal an envelope and then realize you forgot to include something inside, just place your sealed envelope in the freezer for an hour or two. Viola! It unseals easily.

    Paint dye
    Kool Aid can be used as a dye in paint also Kool Aid in Dannon plain yogurt as a finger paint, your kids will love it and it won't hurt them if they eat it!

    Scratched CD
    Peanut butter - will get scratches out of CD's! Wipe off with a coffee filter paper

    Sticking bicycle chain
    Pam no-stick cooking spray

    Doll clothes
    When the doll clothes are hard to put on, sprinkle with cornstarch and watch them slide on

    Body paint
    Crisco mixed with food coloring. Heat the Crisco in the microwave, pour in to an empty film container and mix with the food color of your choice!

    Tie Dye T-shirt
    Mix a solution of Kool Aid in a container, tie a rubber band around a section of the T-shirt and soak

    Preserving a newspaper clipping
    A large bottle of club soda and cup of milk of magnesia, soak for 20 min. and let dry, will last for many years!

    Slinky holder
    A Slinky will hold toast and CD's!

    Glasses fogging
    To keep goggles and glasses from fogging, coat with Colgate toothpaste

    Keep flowers fresh
    To keep fresh flowers longer Add a little Clorox, or 2 Bayer aspirin, or just use 7-up instead of water.

    Easy eyeglass protection
    To prevent the screws in eyeglasses from loosening, apply a small drop of Maybelline Crystal Clear nail polish to the threads of the screws before tightening them.

    Cure for rust
    Forget those expensive rust removers. Just saturate an abrasive sponge with Coca Cola and scrub the rust stain. The phosphoric acid in the coke is what gets the job done.

    Urine stains
    Never use ammonia on urine stains–it strengthens the smell. Blot the spot with plenty of soap and water, then let dry. When completely dry, use baking soda and vinegar as a scrub. This should eliminate the odor.

    Remove Crayon Stains
    To remove crayon stains from glass, porcelain, Formica, metal, plastic, no-wax vinyl floors, painted walls, painted wood, scrubbable wallpaper, tile, chalkboard and marble. Spray surface to be cleaned with WD-40 and wipe with a soft cloth. If a residue remains add liquid dish washing detergent into water, wash the surface with a sponge, working in a circular motion and rinse. Repeat as needed.

    Removing Red Wine Stain
    Saturate a cloth or sponge with hydrogen peroxide and blot the stain. If the stain is in carpet do not saturate the actual carpet just use a cloth or sponge that has hydrogen peroxide applied to it.

    Ink Remover
    Toothpaste applied to a wet washcloth is a good ink remover, especially on walls and wallpaper. But, be careful with wallpaper. It will still work, but don’t press too hard or you’ll rub the wallpaper finish off, as well.

    Remove A Bleach Stain From A Carpet
    Using a toothpick, mix colors of paint til you get the shade to match the carpet. Apply the paint very lightly to the bleached spot and let it dry. After it has dried reapply. Repeat this process til the color blends in with the carpet. This works best with very small stains. If the stain is too large the paint will leave the carpet stiff. If you can get a color close enough to match you can use magic marker or colored felt tip pens.

    Remove Ball Point Ink Stain From Clothing
    Place the stained area on a clean towel or piece of cloth (use a clean rag because it will be ruined afterwards) and spray with an aerosol (not pump type) hair spray til wet. Brush with a soft brush til the stain is gone. Launder as usual.

    Remove Blood Stains
    A mixture of 1/2 c. 3% hydrogen peroxide and 1 t. ammonia.

    Stain Remover
    Some one was looking for a good stain remover the other day. I have had fantastic results using Dawn Direct Foam dish soap. I had a sweat shirt covered with set-in grease and it got out every bit. Since then I've used it on several things and never had any problems. I tried this because someone told me the best thing to use for stains on clothes was dish soap and believe me, they were right. After all, it is made to take care of food and grease.

    Blood stain
    Just pour a little hydrogen peroxide on a cloth and proceed to wipe off every drop of blood. Works every time! Now, where to put the body?

    Grease Stains on your wallpaper
    Try mixing corn starch and water and make into a paste.  Rub on with a soft, clean cloth.  Test this in an inconspicuous area first.

    Grease stains on your carpet
    Shake some cornstarch over the grease stain and let set there overnight or at least 8 hours.  Vacuum.

    Travel Saver
    Whenever you travel carry along a stain pretreatment stick. Taking the time to use it on stains before they set ensures that they will wash out when you get home.

    White-Out / Liquid Paper & Permanent Marker Stains
    Dab some sunscreen over the stain and rub off with a paper towel. Repeat until stain is gone.

    Coffee Stains
    To remove a coffee stain from fabric or a rug, try one of these methods:
    Dip a white cloth into a beaten egg yolk and rub the yolk into the stain. Then rinse with clear water.
    Work denatured alcohol into the stain, then rinse with water.
    Apply a solution of 1/2 teaspoon mild detergent in a pint of water. Blot with a white towel. If the stain remains, apply a 50-50 solution of water and white vinegar and blot.

    Blood stains
    Just pour a little peroxide on cloth and proceed to wipe off every drop of blood. Works every time!

    Wine stains
    Pour on the Morton salt and watch it absorb into the salt.

    Baking soda dumped into carpets takes out odor. The recommended method is to sprinkle the baking soda thoroughly throughout the carpets, leave for several minutes, and remove with a carpet sweeper.

    House odors
    Boil cinnamon to eliminate house odors. But watch the pot, it boils over very easily!

    Scent room
    Dab perfume on light bulb to scent a room.

    Odor From New Carpet
    Turn the heat up to full blast for several hours then turn heat back down. Open all windows and air out the dwelling.

    Musty Smelling
    Put the book in a brown paper bag with baking soda and let sit for approximately one week.

    Remove Odor From Plastic Containers
    Put tomato juice on a sponge and wipe it around. Also can be used to remove odors form inside of refrigerators and dogs. Wash containers and lids with soap and water, dry well and put lid and bowl separately into freezer for a couple of days.

    Remove Odors In A Closet
    Wash the walls, ceiling and floor thoroughly with a mixture of 1 c. ammonia, 1 c white vinegar and 1/4 c. baking soda for every gallon of water. Repeat if necessary. If closet odors persist, place a shallow pan of kitty litter in the closet. Keep door closed and replenish the litter every few days til the odor is gone.

    Remove Strong Odors In Your Refrigerator
    Clean the seals of the refrigerator with a baking powder water solution (see the box of baking soda for amounts). Place fresh coffee grounds on a saucer and put in refrigerator for up to 1 week.

    Skunk Odor Hints
    Mix Massengill feminine douche powder as per directions. With a spray bottle, saturate the affected animal or surface and bathe.

    Remove Odor And Sharpen The Blades Of You Kitchen Disposal
    Run ice cubes and a few drops of liquid dish washing detergent through the disposal with cold water. You can also run lemon peel through to help remove odors.

    Tip For Paint Odor
    Put some vinegar in a pan and let it simmer. It will get rid of paint odor and other smells and it works great! I usually use the cider vinegar, but don't know if it makes a difference between that and the white vinegar. Great show!

    Remove Cat Urine In Carpet
    Use a combination of a vinegar/water mixture and an orange oil cleaner. Orange oil and vinegar neutralize odors. Then after a month of cleaning the area on a weekly basis and using the spray, start using Fabreeze on it. Don't get the carpet wet or you may bring up a stain from the padding! Use a slightly dampened cloth.

    Room Scent
    Spray a bit of perfume on the light bulb in any room to create a lovely light scent in each room when the light is turned on.

    Fresh Smelling Clothes
    Place fabric softener sheets in dresser drawers and your clothes will Smell freshly washed for weeks to come. You can also do this with towels and linen.

    Fabric softener
    Place fabric softener sheets or small bars of soap in dress drawers or towels and linen to keep them smelling fresh.

    Bathroom Odors
    Place a shallow dish of baking soda behind the toilet to absorb bathroom odors.

    Advice for the airing cupboard
    To keep table linen from creasing, install a wooden or metal rod just beneath a low shelf and hang the linen on hangers padded with cardboard tubes, from finished rolls of kitchen towel. Fold and store bed or bath linen in sets, rather than by size. that way you can grab a complete set when you want in instead of having to pick through several stacks.

    Garbage Disposal
    To freshen the garbage disposal, sprinkle a few tablespoons of baking soda down the drain, drop in two ice cubes and turn it on. Flush with hot water.

    Smelly Kitchen
       Place a sliced lemon on a pie plate in a 200 degree oven for 20 minutes.

    Fireplace Soot Odor
    To diminish and remove this odor, after you clean out the ashes, place a shallow pan of baking soda for a few hours or overnight in the fireplace.

    Refrigerator Odors
    A little vanilla poured on a piece of cotton and placed in the refrigerator will eliminate odors. After cleaning the refrigerator add a dash of lemon extract to the rinse water for a fresh scent.

    Dog odor
    Next time your dog comes in from the rain, simply wipe down the animal with Bounce or any dryer sheet, instantly making your dog smell springtime fresh.


    Empty a large jar of Nestea into your bath water

    Minor burn
    Colgate or Crest toothpaste

    Burn your tongue?
    Put sugar on it!

    WD-40 Spray and rub in, kill insect stings too

    Bee stings
    Meat tenderizer

    Chigger bite
    Preparation H

    Puffy eyes
    Preparation H

    Paper cut
    Crazy glue or chap stick (glue is used instead of sutures at most hospitals)

    Stinky feet

    Athletes feet

    Fungus on toenails or fingernails
    Vicks vapor rub

    Did You Know That? Drinking two glasses of Gatorade can relieve headache pain almost immediately -- without the unpleasant side effects caused by traditional "pain relievers."

    Burn salve
    Did you know that Colgate toothpaste makes an excellent salve for burns.

    Before you head to the drugstore for a high-priced inhaler filled with mysterious chemicals, try chewing on a couple of curiously strong Altoids peppermints. They'll clear up your stuffed nose.

    Achy muscles
    Mix 1 Tablespoon of horseradish in 1 cup of olive oil. Let the mixture sit for 30 minutes, then apply it as a massage oil, for instant relief for aching muscles.

    Sore throat
    Just mix 1/4 cup of vinegar with 1/4 cup of honey and take 1 tablespoon six times a day. The vinegar kills the bacteria.

    Urinary Track Infection
    Just take two Alka-Seltzer in a glass of water and drink it at the onset of the symptoms. Alka-Seltzer begins eliminating urinary tract infections almost instantly -- even though the product was never advertised for this use. (Note : Alka-Seltzer Plus Cold Medicine is not the same..and contains aspirin, which can cause stomach bleeding if you have ulcers.)

    Toenail fungus
    Get rid of unsightly toenail fungus by soaking your toes in Listerine mouthwash. The powerful antiseptic leaves your toenails looking healthy again.

    Splinter remover
    Just pour a drop of Elmer's Glue-All over the splinter, let dry, and peel the dried glue off the skin. The splinter sticks to the dried glue.

    Boil cure
    Cover the boil with Hunt's tomato paste as a compress. The acids from the tomatoes soothe the pain and bring the boil to a head.

    Balm for broken blisters
    To disinfect a broken blister, dab on a few drops of Listerine... a powerful antiseptic.

    Heal bruises
    Soak a cotton ball in white vinegar and apply it to the bruise for 1 hour. The vinegar reduces the blueness and speeds up the healing process.

    Fast pain relief
    Mix 2 cups of Quaker Oats and 1 cup of water in a bowl and warm in the microwave for 1 minute, cool slightly, and apply the mixture to your hands for soothing relief from arthritis pain.

    Bee sting
    Applying mud to a bee sting will take away the sting, as well as the stinger.

    Arthritis Cure
    Soak white raisins (yellow Dole plump up best) in gin for seven days then pour off gin. Eat nine raisins per day. You can grind the raisins and take one heaping teaspoonful per day.

    Remedy For Upset Stomach
    Mix 4 oz. of "real" orange juice, 4 oz. water, 2 T. Karo syrup and a pinch of salt. Take 1 T. of the mixture every 15 minutes when you're nauseated. Store in the refrigerator.

    Sore Throat And Sinus Remedy
    Pour 1 T. honey into a shot glass and warm it in the microwave oven for 7-9 seconds (this depends on the power of your microwave). Add 1/4 t. dark cinnamon and stir. Drink this once a day for 3 days.

    Cure for Headaches
    Take a lime, cut it in half and rub it on your forehead. The throbbing will go away.

    Get Rid of the Itch
    To get rid of itch from mosquito bites, try applying soap on the area And you will experience instant relief.

    Removing a Splinter
    When you get a splinter, reach for the scotch tape before resorting to tweezers or a needle. Simply put the scotch tape over the splinter, then pull it off. Scotch tape removes most splinters painlessly and easily.

    Mosquito bite
    Put soap on a mosquito bite to help stop itching.

    Cure for headache
    Take a lime, cut it in half and rub it on  your forehead. The throbbing will go away.

    Honey Uses
    Honey is good for sore throat; also good for bee stings.

    To Treat Neuralgia
    For neuralgia nothing is better than a muslin bag filled with hot salt.

    For headache
    2 or 3 slices of lemon in a cup of strong tea will cure a nervous headache.

    For Bilious Headache
    A teaspoon full of lemon juice in a small cup of black coffee will relieve a bilious headache.

    To Cure A Burn
    Cut open and scrape a raw potato, bind on burn. Repeat if burning sensation returns.

    Cure For Hiccoughs
    Sit erect and inflate the lungs fully. Then, retaining the breath, bend forward slowly until the chest meets the knees. After slowly rising again to the erect position, slowly exhale the breath. Repeat this process a second time, and the nerves will be found to have received an excess of energy that will enable them to perform their natural functions.


    No More Mosquitoes
    Place a dryer sheet in your pocket. It will keep the mosquitoes away.

    Squirrel Away!
    To keep squirrels from eating your plants sprinkle your plants with cayenne pepper. The cayenne pepper doesn't hurt the plant and the squirrels won't come near it.

    Goodbye Fruit Flies
    To get rid of pesky fruit flies, take a small glass fill it 1/2" with Apple Cider Vinegar and 2 drops of dish washing liquid, mix well. You will find those flies drawn to the cup and gone forever!

    Get Rid of Ants
    Put small piles of cornmeal where you see ants. They eat it, take it "home," can't digest it so it kills them. It may take a week or so, especially if it rains, but it works & you don't have the worry about pets or small children being harmed!

    Kill Lice
    Mayonnaise will kill lice, it will also condition your hair

    Fleas in your carpet
    20 Mule Team Borax- sprinkle and let stand for 24 hours. Maybe this will work if you get them back again.

    Bug killer
    If menacing bees, wasps, hornets, or yellow jackets get in your home and you can't find the insecticide, try a spray of Formula 409. Insects drop to the ground instantly.

    Ear mites
    All it takes is a few drops of Wesson corn oil in your cat's ear. Massage it in, then clean with a cotton ball. Repeat daily for 3 days. The oil soothes the cat's skin, smothers the mites, and accelerates healing.

    Kill fleas
    Dawn dish washing liquid does the trick. Add a few drops to your dog's bath and shampoo the animal thoroughly. Rinse well to avoid skin irritations. Goodbye fleas.

    Prevent ants from entering your home
    Sprinkle cinnamon and cayenne pepper along house exterior to prevent ants from entering your home. Ants will not cross the line.

    Bug deterrent
    Dish soap and water sprayed on flowers is an excellent bug deterrent. This is particularly useful with roses, hollyhock, and daisy. It also will depend on what kind of bugs. Some aphids are resilient and will return. Japanese Beetles, also can be a deadly foe to your flowers, act quickly and drench thoroughly for several days until problem is resolved. You may have to repeat the process throughout the summer months. If the soap and water trick doesn’t appear to be working after a week, call a Master Gardener. Removing some bugs is a big task.

    Attract slugs
    Pour beer–any kind, they don’t appear to be choosy--into a plate and leave it in the garden to attract slugs Another way to corner slugs is to place boards in the garden. In the morning the slugs will have congregated on the undersides.

    Find out if you have fleas
    To find out if you have fleas, and then to attract them quickly before they breed to intensively, spread a white sheet on the floor. Set several shallow dishes of warm water on the sheet, then light a lamp. The warmth will attract the fleas and drown them. A nightlight will also work, but remember to put a dish of warm water right underneath it.

    Plant marigolds in your garden to keep bugs away.

    Get Rid Of Small Moths/Bugs
    Fill a small bowl with white vinegar and a few drops of liquid dish soap. The moths are attracted to it, fall into it and expire. Strip the pantry and wash. Remove paper from cans and wash cans in hot soapy water. Discard anything containing wheat. Store flour and wheat containing products in air tight containers. You can even store in the refrigerator or freeze.

    To Rid Bats From The Attic
    Place 6 boxes of mothballs in the area where the bats are residing. The mothballs must contain the chemical naphthalene. The bats dislike loud music and bright lights too. Do not do this between Aug-Sept because they are spawning. They hibernate after that time and again you are not supposed to use the mothballs. You must find how they got into your home and close the opening.

    Keep Animals From Shrubs And Gardens
    Use bloodmeal or dried blood. Apply a thin coating to the earth. Adding a lot will rid the area of humans too because it has an offensive odor!
    Use a fungicide with a product called Thiram added to it. This will last about 4-6 weeks depending on the rainfall.
    Bury an empty pop or beer bottle in the ground so that the top is level with the ground and fill it with 2 parts ammonia and 1 part water. This will evaporate so you must refill it periodically.

    Keep Squirrels Off The Bird Feeder
    Add a few T. of cayenne pepper to the bird seed and blend it together. The bird's digestive system is not affected, but the squirrels discover it's "hot stuff".

    Keep Squirrels Out Of The Bird Feeder
    If your feeder in mounted on a pole, put a stove pipe or 4-6 inch diameter PCV pipe around the pole (from the bottom). They can't wrap their paws around the pipe and won't be able to climb up the pole. You can also put a piece of PCV pipe around the chain if your feeder is a hanging type.

    Keep Deer From Your Backyard Area
    Try a product called Hinder. Spray it on the plants in the areas they're coming to and it will repel them. Product doesn't last forever, so you'll need to replace it every couple of weeks or so. You can mix it up and spray it on using a sprayer.

    Get Rid Of Carpenter Ants
    Mix 1/2 c. molasses, 1 pkg. dry yeast and 1/4 c. sugar well. Spread with a knife onto cardboard and place it where the ants are seen.

    Keep Deer From Plants
    A sure fire way to keep the deer away from the roses, hydrangias, hostas and other plants: mix 2 eggs and water in an old spray bottle , let it sit in the sun for a while and then spray your plants with it. The deer do not like the smell (neither do I), but it keeps them away and keeps your flowers blooming. It does not harm the plants.

    Ants, ants, ants everywhere
    Well, they are said to never cross a chalk line. So get your chalk out and draw a line on the floor or wherever ants tend to march. See for yourself.
    Ants will not cross chalk.

    Flies or bees
    Spray them with hairspray and they will take a quick dive.

    Earwig Traps
    My tip for getting rid of earwigs or pincher bugs is to put vegetable oil or any cheap food grade oil into a tuna can. The tuna smell attracts the bugs, the can is low enough so they get in easily, and the oil drowns them. This is an easy, low cost way of ridding your home or garden of earwigs without using pesticides.

    Troublesome Ants
    A heavy chalk mark laid a finger's distance from your sugar box and all around (there must be no space not covered) will surely prevent ants from troubling.

    To Drive Off Fleas
    Sprinkle about area a few drops of oil of lavender.

    To Keep Flies Off Items
    Boil three or four onions in a pint of water and apply with a soft brush, let dry.

    To Destroy Cockroaches
    The following is said to be effectual: These vermin are easily destroyed, simply by cutting up green cucumbers at night, and placing them about where roaches commit depredations. What is cut from the cucumbers in preparing them for the table answers the purpose as well, and three applications will destroy all the roaches in the house. Remove the peelings in the morning, and renew them at night.

    To Banish Rats Or Mice
    Sprinkling cayenne pepper in their holes will banish them.

    To Keep Out Red Ants
    A small quantity of green sage placed in a pantry will keep out red ants.

    To Make An Ant Trap
    Procure a large natural sponge, wash it well and press it dry, which will leave the cells quite open; then sprinkle it with fine white sugar, and place it near where the ants are troublesome. The ants will soon collect upon the sponge and take up their abode in its cells. It is then only necessary to dip the sponge in boiling water, when the ants will be destroyed, and it may be set over and over again.

    To Repel Moths
    Instead of moth balls, try using dried lavender blossoms, dried mint leaves, or cedar shavings (the kind available as pet bedding works well). The odors of these natural materials are pleasant, yet they repel moths, and there are no dangers involved as with moth balls.
    Moth balls are poisonous and are considered a pesticide. Avoid inhaling moth ball fumes and do not use them around young children and pets.

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